1950s

1951 At the initiative of Belgium and the United States an International Migration Conference is convened in Brussels, resulting in the creation of the Provisional Intergovernmental Committee for the Movements of Migrants from Europe (PICMME). PICMME soon becomes the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration (ICEM).
1950s ICEM arranges the processing and emigration of over 406,000 refugees, displaced persons and economic migrants from Europe to overseas countries.
1956/57 ICEM assumes responsibility for the resettlement of some 180,000 Hungarian refugees who had fled to Austria and Yugoslavia.