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International Day for Disaster Reduction - 13 October 2013

IOM highlights the importance of the International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) on 13 October as disasters and environmental change threaten to force people and communities all around the world out of their homes. Disasters in Asia, for example, have the greatest impact on communities.

Read our stories from: Indonesia | Myanmar
| Papua New Guinea | Timor-Leste
| Thailand | Micronesia

 

 

IOM’s second Compendium on Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience provides an in-depth analysis of the interaction between disasters and mobility

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Preparedness for, response and mitigation measures when forced migration occurs

A displaced people of Pulau Aceh picks vegetables at Jantho, Aceh Besar Indonesia on November 8, 2006. IOM has built permanent houses for many homeless and displaced people originally from the devastated Banda Aceh and Pulau Aceh areas to make these communities sustainable and get back on its feet.

 

 

Addressing the longer-term consequences of forced migration

A tsunami survivor works to repair his house which was destroyed when the tsunami hit Banda Aceh.

 

 

Prevention of forced migration including migration as a disaster risk and adaptation strategy

Shepherds return home at Ifo camp. Dadaab, Kenya with their goats at nightfall. (October 2011)


Migration, Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

IOM believes that reducing the risk of forced migration induced by disasters implies an ambitious agenda and strategic partnerships. To this end, the Organization has forged solid partnership with relevant actors active in disaster risk reduction but also in complementary frameworks namely disaster risk management and climate change adaptation.

UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), the custodian of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-1015, is key to this strategic objective of bringing mobility into risk reduction analyses, policies and practices. Progress has been achieved in drawing the attention of the international community to the complex relationship between human mobility and disasters.

As the negotiations for a successor instrument to the HFA (the so-called HFA 2) are currently taking place, IOM deems it essential to further articulate the correlation between risk and mobility, in terms of both associated costs and opportunities. It includes providing measurable indicators and clear policies

Background on IOM’s operational involvement in DRR

To this end, the Organization is engaged in:

In addition, IOM plays an increasingly important role in Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Coordinated Response to displacement induced by natural disasters as global cluster lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management in natural disasters. It also plays and important role in Shelter, Logistics, Health, WASH, Protection, and Early Recovery clusters. IOM is also involved in climate change adaptation through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and other related policy fora.

Key policy considerations (click to expand):

The 2013 Compendium on DRR and Resilience highlights the following Emerging issues in the areas of risk reduction and mobility (click to expand):

Integration of DRR in IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework

DRR and resilience building is fully integrated into IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) under Sector of Assistance 8 and along other key DRM sectors of assistance ranging from camp management, shelter, to transport assistance (click to expand).

Risk Reduction and Resilience Building along the crisis phases 3 key operational objectives:

  1. Prevention of forced migration including migration as a disaster risk and adaptation strategy (HFA objective 1);
  2. Preparedness for, response and mitigation measures when forced migration occurs (HFA objectives 2,3 and 4); and
  3. Addressing the longer-term consequences of forced migration (HFA objective 5).