IOM Today

An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.

  • 157 Members and more than 100 observers
  • More than 480 field locations
  • More than 8,400 staff working on more than 2,600 projects
  • More than US$ 1.3 billion expenditures in 2013

Warning - Internet Scams

Beware of fraudulent offers of migration assistance in the internet or email marketing.

Individuals considering migrating for whatever purpose or destination should take extreme caution in dealing with internet offers or email marketing in light of recent surge in fraudulent schemes.

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Capital Havana
Population (2013): 11.3 million
Area:  110,860 km sq
Languages :  Spanish
Currency:  Cuban Peso (CUP)
HDI Rank (2013): 44 of 187
Net Migration Rate (2010-2015):     -2.5 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2013):  0.1%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants  (2013): 55.1%
Population under 15 (2013): 16%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2013):  0.23%
Sources and Definitions

Migration Issues

Although primarily an emigration country, Cuba is also increasingly faced with irregular immigration flows from Haiti and other countries. Between 1988 and 2003, 19,905 Haitians landed involuntarily on Cuban shores due to bad weather and precarious vessels used during the journey towards the United States. The 2004 and 2005 Haitian crisis and hurricanes put additional pressure on the island's transit camps.

In order to tackle this humanitarian issue within a constructive and coordinated framework, Cuba, Haiti and IOM signed a tripartite agreement in February 2002. According to the agreement, IOM coordinates with the Haitian and Cuban governments the organization and effective transfer of those Haitians deciding to return to their country, as well as the mobilization of resources to support voluntary returns.

IOM and the government are exploring possibilities to use Cuban expertise in the area of medical service and training as part of IOM development initiatives. Activities are also underway to determine the potential involvement of IOM in regular and organized exchange of Cuban workers with other countries.

Last updated
Main text: No updates as of August 2010
Facts and figures: August 2014

Migration Initiatives