An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.
Beware of fraudulent offers of migration assistance in the internet or email marketing.
Individuals considering migrating for whatever purpose or destination should take extreme caution in dealing with internet offers or email marketing in light of recent surge in fraudulent schemes.
Research conducted by Peru's National Institute of Statistics and Technology and IOM estimated that 2,038,107 Peruvians left the country between 1990 and 2009 and have not returned. Of these, 50.4 per cent are women and 49.6 per cent are men. Their main destinations are Bolivia (19.7 per cent), Chile (19.4 per cent), the United States (18.4 per cent), Ecuador (14.6 per cent) and Spain (8.6 per cent).
In addition, 704,746 households have at least one former member living abroad. Therefore, about one in ten Peruvian households have migration experience. This trend is likely to increase in the following years.
Emigration has an increasing impact on Peruvian society and economy. In 2009, the amount of remittances sent to Peru amounted to USD 2.378 billion, which accounted for 1.8 per cent of the country's GDP. These remittances benefited more than three million family members in the country. It has been estimated that remittances are the only source of income for 60 per cent of families who have at least one of their former members residing abroad.
In 2001 the Government of Peru installed the Secretariat of Peruvians Abroad within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. On 2009, the National Group for Migration Management was created. The Group aims to increase the capacities of Peruvian institutions to respond to migration challenges and formulate policies to protect and enhance migrants’ rights.
The Peruvian Government is also deeply concerned with the expansion on human trafficking networks. A Multi-sector Working Group to Fight Human Trafficking has been functioning since 2004, with the participation of 11 ministries, civil society and international organizations, IOM amongst them. In 2008, Peru enacted Law 28950 against Trafficking in Persons and Human Smuggling and two years later, the emblematic Amazonian region of Madre de Dios approved a Regional Plan of action against Trafficking, with the technical cooperation of IOM. The plan is a pilot project to replicate through the country.
Peru became an IOM member State in 1966 and Lima became the Regional Office for the Andean Countries years later. Nowadays, IOM implements 30 projects focusing mainly on finding innovative solutions and responses to migration-related challenges in the country, particularly in the field of migration and development, migration research, counter-trafficking, labour migration, border management and migration management.
Since 2003, IOM has actively been working on anti-trafficking programs. IOM is a member of the Multi-sector Working Group to Fight Human Trafficking and has implemented several programs in coordination with the Governmental authorities with a view on strengthening capacities of the Peruvian State and civil society. With the financial help of The US’s State Department's Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM) IOM installed a trafficking hotline in 2006 that became the national hotline. The hotline is still operating in the Ministry of Interior. Also, IOM has executed numerous capacity building activities to relevant authorities (over 5,000 people benefited) and awareness raising campaigns throughout the country. Moreover, IOM has carried out landmark investigations on sexual trafficking as well as labor trafficking. On 2010, IOM promoted the development of the regional Plan of Action in Madre de Dios in an attempt to decentralize public policy on trafficking. Madre de Dios is an emblematic area of the Peruvian Amazon bordering Brazil and Bolivia. On 2007, IOM technically supported the Government in the design of the National Plan of Action that is currently in the process of approval by the Presidency of Ministers Council.
In 2008, IOM implemented its first bordering strategy in Peru. On 2010 and with the financial support of the Canadian Government, IOM developed capacity building workshops for authorities in bordering areas and will publish a set of modules together with a diagnosis of the Peruvian with Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia on border management and trafficking. In this respect, a total of four diagnoses will be published on 2011. IOM works closely with the Andean Community (CAN) and will promote the development of a Regional Plan of Action in the Andes. In the year 2011, with the financial help of Canada, IOM is implementing a program to strengthen the capacity of the judicial system and to enforce anti-trafficking law.
Projects in this area aim to enhance the quality of life and to support the needs of thousands of low-income families who are migrants, descendants of internal migrants or populations potentially prone to migration or displacement in Lima and in different provinces. The activities within this framework aim to create development opportunities through the improvement of social services, urban infrastructure and management capacities of local and regional governments as well as the strengthening of public institutions. In addition, under this sphere of action, IOM promotes bilateral and regional agreements aimed to improve the socioeconomic conditions of migrants and develops and implements projects for labor migration.
Within this framework, and in response to the different agreements with regional and local governments, IOM provides new information technologies and other administrative tools to the local administration of Lima, works for the rehabilitation and maintenance of several streets and roads, improves the public health system and provides better health care to patients through the establishment of new hospitals, among other initiatives.
Moreover, under the Joint Programme “Peru: Promotion of Employment and Entrepreneurship for Youth and Management of Youth Labor Migration” (ILO, UNFPA, UNDP, IOM), a core objective of IOM is to promote informed and regular migration among the youth as well as to empower them with information on the labour market and migration normative and give them proper occupational and educational guidance by strengthening the national and regional Directorates of Promotion of Employment and Professional Formation.
IOM's activities and projects in this area involve a sustained effort to search for new information on Peruvian migration and its socioeconomic impact in order to establish adequate policies that better fit the real needs of migrants. In addition, IOM supports the Government of Peru to develop and implement a comprehensive national migration policy for the benefit of immigrants, emigrants and returnees.
With this purpose, IOM works on building an accurate profile of the characteristics and trends of Peruvian migration, in collaboration with Peru’s National Institute of Statistics and Technology and the National Directorate of Migration and Naturalization. This includes an analytical approach to diverse aspects of Peruvian migration such as its socio-demographic conformation, the characteristics of households with migration experience and the characteristics of the remittances sent from Peruvian migrants, among others.
Furthermore, IOM also provides support to the Peruvian government at different levels with the objective of developing more effective and adequate migration management policies, norms and strategies. Activities in this field seek to increase and spread knowledge about migration issues, build the capacities of government institutions and strengthen their migration management skills. IOM provides technical assistance to the National Group for Migration Management as well as the Peruvian Civil Society Network on Migration and Development.
At the Andean subregional level, IOM is currently working to strengthen the socioeconomic integration of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru by promoting the effective implementation of migratory binding agreements in all four countries.
IOM's main projects and activities in this area aim to support the government by providing assistance to vulnerable migrants, returnees and scholarship holders. For instance, IOM provides assistance for the selection and hiring of international workers and experts. Activities in this area also involve offering support to migrants who are planning to work or study abroad and those who want to return to their country of origin. Within those initiatives, IOM provides orientation and travel support to scholarship holders and to migrants in vulnerable condition who do not have the economic means to finance their return. IOM also supports and monitors economic projects of reintegration.
On 15 August 2008 a powerful earthquake measuring 7.9 degrees on the Richter scale struck in the Department of Ica, affecting six provinces in five regions in Peru. A total of 595 persons died, 1,291 persons were seriously wounded, and more than 464,000 persons were severely affected. In response to this situation, IOM assisted more than 130,000 affected people through temporary housing and the distribution of emergency supplies.
Following this event, IOM has continued to work with its humanitarian counterparts in the preparedness and prevention of natural disasters. Under the coordination of the National Institute of Civil Defense, several meetings and workshops have been held with this objective. As a result of these efforts, the first Peruvian National Humanitarian Network was formed in 2008, with the participation of IOM as a full member. This initiative aims to strengthen the national capacity to deal with future natural disasters as well as to improve the impact of humanitarian operations through the coordination of its members. In addition, on February 27, 2009, the National Platform of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) was formed with the participation of IOM as co-responsible with the Ministry of Women and Social Development of the Shelter Cluster.
IOM, through its participation in the HIV/AIDS Thematic Group, supports government initiatives on the prevention of this communicable decease and also monitors the planning of policies and programs in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
Based on current information, IOM promotes the incorporation of the mobility component into the action plan against HIV/AIDS through raising awareness about the relationship between HIV and mobile groups.
A main goal in this area is to reduce the vulnerability of the native population by preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS. With this objective, IOM is designing awareness raising activities, focusing on the risks of confronting HIV/AIDS in mobility situations and promoting social monitoring in order to encourage healthy migration.
Main text: 16 March 2011
Facts and figures: August 2014