Through the request of the Government of Afghanistan, IOM is mandated to assist with orderly and humane migration. IOM programmes in Afghanistan are implemented in close cooperation with national government counterparts and are designed to support the goals of the Afghan National Development Strategy.
IOM helped 13,201 Afghans to return home from over 20 countries between 2002-2011. There were, 4,290 who received individually-tailored assistance such as employment referrals, training, and assistance in setting up small businesses. Some vulnerable members of communities receiving large numbers of returning migrants also benefitted from community development projects.
Afghanistan remains a major source, transit and destination country for victims of trafficking. This is why IOM provides victims of trafficking with protection, rehabilitation and reintegration assistance.
In 2004, IOM established an Identity Checking Unit within the Ministry of Interior, which aims to increase the government’s capacity to check identity, detect fraud, establish authenticity, and manage other border control activities. The Organization also installed an Afghan Passport and Visa Issuing System at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 2010 and another one at the Ministry of Interior in 2012.
Between 2002-2011, at least 1,400 Afghan experts living abroad, 200 of whom were women, returned to Afghanistan from more than 30 countries to participate in rebuilding their nation. IOM provided relocation assistance including a special support package for female experts and helped them to secure placements in key development-related positions within ministries, government institutions and the private sector.
From 2007-2011, IOM helped almost 10,000 Afghan families and communities across 30 provinces that suffered losses as a direct or indirect result of conflict. Assistance included literacy courses, funds to rebuild damaged homes, vocational training, business start-up support and useful household items.