An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.
Beware of fraudulent offers of migration assistance in the internet or email marketing.
Individuals considering migrating for whatever purpose or destination should take extreme caution in dealing with internet offers or email marketing in light of recent surge in fraudulent schemes.
IOM continues to support the Government of Romania in fulfilling its migration management responsibilities as a European Union (EU) Member State. This entails the implementation of the national Migration Strategy 2007–2010, and the development and application of national action plans under the European Commission’s (EC) Framework Programme on Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows. In this context, the following programmatic areas are at the top of IOM’s agenda: (1) facilitating the assisted voluntary return and reintegration of migrants in their countries of origin; (2) assisting with the integration of third-country nationals in Romania; (3) supporting the implementation of the National Strategy on Policies of International Cooperation for Development, which has a strong migration component; and (4) maintaining the necessary operational capacity to give direct assistance to the individual migrant.
In the context of the EC-related priorities, current migration processes – such as labour migration to and from Romania – demand particular attention, especially with regard to the social and public health affects on Romanian society. Other key issues include the stabilization of the domestic supply of certain professional groups and the integration of human resource information systems in specific employment sectors.
In Romania, IOM carries out resettlement programmes for the benefit of about 3,000 migrants and refugees annually.
Emergency evacuation and resettlement of refugees. IOM is part of a Tri-Partite Agreement signed in 2008 with the Government of Romania and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), concerning the temporary evacuation in Romania of persons in urgent need of international protection and their onward resettlement. About 400 refugees annually are hosted by the Emergency Transit Centre (ETC) in Timisoara, in western Romania, before they are resettled to third countries. Activities performed by IOM include health assessments, cultural orientation, document processing, pre-departure orientation, and international transportation. Since its opening in November 2008 and until mid-2010, the ETC has received over 650 refugees of Eritrean, Sudanese, Palestinian and Ethiopian nationalities.
Resettlement of regular migrants. IOM also organizes health assessments and provides travel assistance to some 2500 regular migrants accepted for resettlement to Australia, Canada and New Zealand, under a self-payers programme.
Migration Health Assessment. IOM carries out health assessments and pre-departure medical screening of migrants and refugees approved for resettlement to the Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States. Activities include standardized medical examinations and clearances in accordance with the requirements of the resettlement countries, documents processing, and medical escorts. IOM also conducts TB screening and provides technical assistance and training to local clinics and specialists participating in the programme.
Activities in Romania related to regulating migration are mainly assisted voluntary return (AVR) and counter-trafficking.
Assisted Voluntary Return. IOM offers assistance to irregular migrants who want to return permanently to their country of origin. The Assisted Voluntary Returns programme in Romania is regulated by a Memorandum of Understanding signed with the Government of Romania, in effect since 2006, funded by the Government of Romania. Since 2010, IOM implements AVR activities under the EC General Programme Solidarity and Management of Migration Flows/ The European Return Fund. IOM carries out an information campaign and provides counseling and vocational training to migrants in partnership with local NGOs.
Counter-trafficking. In Romania IOM has carried out counter-trafficking programmes for over a decade, addressing all aspects of trafficking: victim protection (over 2000 victims assisted), shelter operations, prevention and awareness raising, research, legislation drafting, support to law enforcement and prosecution, curriculum development, technical cooperation and capacity building, and research. IOM has built partnerships and brought together a network of government and non-governmental agencies and professionals. IOM Romania has administered grants for CT activities from the governments of the USA, the United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, the Swiss Confederation, and others.
Other. IOM also assists with the reception and assistance of Romanian nationals returned from EU countries, including unaccompanied minors.
Migrant Integration. In partnership with local organizations, IOM is running a network of 15 information centres providing information on integration services and opportunities available locally for third-country nationals residing in Romania. The centres are located in the cities of Bucureşti, Bacău, Braşov, Buzău, Cluj, Constanţa, Craiova, Galaţi, Iaşi, Piteşti, Ploieşti, Sibiu, Suceava, Târgu Mureş and Timişoara. IOM assists the Government of Romania in consolidating the local capacity to develop and deliver viable services for migrants.
Main text: November 2010
Facts and figures: November 2013