An intergovernmental organization established in 1951, IOM is committed to the principle that humane and orderly migration benefits migrants and society.
Beware of fraudulent offers of migration assistance in the internet or email marketing.
Individuals considering migrating for whatever purpose or destination should take extreme caution in dealing with internet offers or email marketing in light of recent surge in fraudulent schemes.
Widespread poverty and lack of job opportunities has caused many Moldovans to look for employment overseas. In addition, the high number of irregular migrants has allowed criminal organizations to exploit an already vulnerable group. Moldova has, by far, the greatest number of victims of trafficking in the region. The government is trying to improve migration management through enhancing the development impact of migration, ensuring protection of migrants' rights and combating trafficking in persons.
IOM is enhancing coordinated regional cooperation on migration in order to further develop common migration standards and mechanisms, and to share best practices to prevent irregular migratory flows and combat criminal activities, such as trafficking and smuggling of human beings.
IOM works in partnership with the Moldovan government, international intergovernmental organizations as well as local NGOs on all aspects of migration, including developing capacities to manage migration flows, developing international cooperation, leveraging migration for development, better protecting the migrants’ rights, providing guidance on migration legislation, improving migration management and border management and combating trafficking in human beings.
IOM's Migration and Development programme includes activities such as the development of the National Remittances Programme, facilitating the participation of migrants in voting abroad, capacity building for the Ministry of Economy and Trade, Consular Department of the MFAEI and Ministry of Health, improving data collection on remittances and health workers’ mobility, improving the financial literacy of migrant workers and their families, facilitation of linkages of remittances with financial services, building bridges with diasporas, assessing the impact of migration on the public health sector, etc.
Migration Management. IOM's initiatives in this field aim to enable the Government of Moldova to build its capacity to develop policies for efficient migration management, based on enhanced data collection and analysis. Improved knowledge, data collection and analysis are an imperative prerequisite for the achievement of this goal.
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration: This programme aims to enhance comprehensive long-term reintegration of Moldovan returnees from EU countries (Austria, UK, Ireland, Switzerland, Belgium, Central European countries) through conciliation, professional orientation, and vocational and business training.
Counter-Trafficking: Prevention and Protection. The programme has two major elements: (1) protection and assistance of victims of trafficking and at-risk cases, and (2) proactive prevention. The programme is part of and in tune with the general strategic initiative started by IOM with main stakeholders in Moldova in 2006 in the area of protection and prevention through the establishment of the National Referral System for (potential) Victims of Trafficking. The approach spans assistance, development and support of services (like support of centres working with the target groups, launching a trust line for victims of domestic violence in Transnitria region, etc.), capacity building of relevant authorities based on multi-disciplinary and human rights approach, to awareness-raising by information seminars, peer-to-peer education, and promotion of safe migration through support of hotlines in both Moldova and the Transnistria Region.
Main text: October 2009
Facts and figures: September 2014