Morocco is experiencing a demographic transition and a change in its migration patterns, making it a country of origin, major transit country for migrants headed for Europe and destination country by default. After the issuance of the 02/03 law which governs the "Entry and Permanence of Foreigners in the Kingdom of Morocco, Emigration and Immigration", the Ministry of Interior created a specific administration dedicated to migration and border control which elaborated a strategic framework for the management of migration (in particular on counter-trafficking. The number of irregular migrants in Morocco is estimated between 10,000 and 20,000 according to the Moroccan Ministry of Interior. Because of the increased control in the North (Strait of Gibraltar), migratory routes have changed towards the North-East to reach the islands of Malta and Lampedusa.
The Moroccan community residing abroad accounts for 3.3 million individuals maintaining close social, cultural and economic ties with their country of origin. Remittances represent approximately 7 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) according to the statistics of the World Bank (2010). While between 1997 and 2007, remittances had increased by 15 per cent, since the beginning of the financial and economic crisis, a decrease of -3.6 per cent was registered in 2008 and -11.1 per cent in 2009. Since 2010 remittances have stabilized to figures equivalent before the financial crisis. In 2011, remittances registered by l’Office des Changes du Maroc valued at 58,63 billion MAD, higher than remittances registered before the crisis in 2007, at the value of 55,00 billion MAD. The Ministry of Moroccans Residing Abroad and the Foundation Hassan II for Moroccans Residing Abroad are active in developing mechanisms to strengthen ties with its qualified nationals abroad to the benefit and development of Morocco and to counter the negative impact of the crisis on its community abroad.
Since January 2007, IOM is officially established in Rabat from where it guarantees a follow-up and coordination of projects in the different areas of action. IOM is an active member of the UN Country Team (http://www.un.org.ma/).