Migration and the post-2015 UN Development Agenda
Open Working Group on SDGs:
The OWG continues to work on specific, concrete proposals on goal and target language, and is attempting to reduce the number of Focus Areas and targets in its draft document to a more manageable number. The co-chairs emphasized a number of times that governments should resist the temptation to add more content and that, if delegations wished to do so, that they should propose where other issues could be taken out in exchange. It was noted that the process would increasingly need to become a zero sum game. Despite this, there are still somewhere in the order of 150 targets, and the next document is likely to have even more as a result of the number of specific proposals put forward by delegations throughout the week.
The next iteration of the OWG document is expected to be available on Tuesday 27 May 2014. This revised document will contain 17 Focus Areas (with the reintroduction of a Focus Area on equality). It will also include many more potential targets than the previous documents, reflecting the large number of proposals put forward by Member States. The co-chairs will convene a separate, informal session over 9-11 June in order to address some of the more difficult aspects of the P2015 discussions in a closed setting. These consultations will aim to build understanding and consensus and will not replace the negotiations of the formal OWG session.
In parallel to the deliberations of the OWG, the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing (Financing Committee) has also been carrying out its mandate to propose options for a sustainable development financing strategy to mobilize resources for the P2015 agenda.
Although the meetings of this Committee are generally closed, IOM is preparing written inputs for the group’s consideration, addressing issues related to remittances and engaging diaspora in the development process.
Like the OWG, the Financing Committee must produce its final report before the 69th session of the General Assembly, beginning in September. It is understood that the Committee has a very early draft of its final report, not publicly available, that the Committee is continuing to work on over June and July, with a view to its finalization at the Committee’s meeting over 4-8 of August.
IOM briefing on P2015:
On 28 April, SLO NY convened a briefing for NY based delegates, civil society and other stakeholders on migration and post-2015. The event was co-hosted by the governments of Turkey and Mexico, and included presentations from IOM’s Director General, the Special Representative on migration and development, Sir Peter Sutherland, as well as representatives from the Overseas Development Institute and a diaspora NGO “BASUG - Diaspora and Development”. A summary of the event is available online.
Global Experts Meeting on Migration and the Post-2015 Development Agenda:
Over the 28th and 29th of April, the governments of Bangladesh and Switzerland hosted a Global Experts Meeting on Migration and Post-2015 in Dhaka. This event brought together representatives of some 61 UN Member States, as well as a number of UN and international organizations and civil society representatives to discuss and make recommendations on how migration could be included in the Post-2015 agenda. The meeting produced a set of recommendations to that effect (attached). In addition to providing support to the meeting’s preparations through our Dhaka office, IOM was also represented at in Dhaka by ODG and ICP.
A ‘satellite’ meeting to the Dhaka event was also held in New York, hosted by the Permanent Mission of Switzerland. IOM’s Director General and SRSG Sutherland presented opening remarks to a small gathering of New York based Ambassadors to discuss the links between migration and development and how to include migration in the OWG’s outcome document.
Over 2012 and 2013, the UNDG convened a series of thematic and national consultations focused on the potential issues and areas to be included in the post-2015 development agenda.
In follow-up to that, a second round of consultations has been established, focused on six themes related to the means of implementation, including:
Localizing the post-2015 agenda
Helping to strengthen capacities and build effective institutions
Participatory monitoring for accountability
Partnerships with civil society and other actors
Engaging with the private sector
Culture and development.
The objective of these dialogues (launched in April 2014) is to draw upon the lessons learned and the collective wisdom of people around the world, convince policymakers that an ambitious post-2015 agenda can be implemented and foster a broad sense of ownership, inclusive planning structures and multi-stakeholder partnerships to support its delivery. Further details are available online: Dialogues on implementing the P2015 Agenda.
Important regional developments:
Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development
ESCAP, in collaboration with the High-level political forum will inaugurate on 19-21 May the Asia-Pacific Forum on Sustainable Development which will focus on:
-Developing strong regional inputs to inform global dialogue and decision-making, as well as national responses
-Identifying effective and inclusive means of implementation for a transformational development agenda
-Defining the regional HLPF processes to 2015 and beyond
-A session of importance for migration is the one on “Means of Implementation - Financing, Technology and Global Partnerships”
The IV EU-Africa summit 2-3 April Declaration
This declaration includes a strong commitment for the two continents to express a shared vision on Sustainable Development for the post-2015 process. The declaration includes numerous important reference to migration and mobility related issues:
-HR of Migrants, especially the issues of loss of life at sea
-Migration mobility and employment
-EU-African mobility partnerships
Important upcoming dates:
16-20 June: OWG Session 12 (New York)
14-18 July: OWG Session 13 (New York)
7-9 July High-level political Forum (New York)
IOM and the World We Want Post-2015
As the deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) approaches, preparations for defining a new UN development framework have begun. This process commenced as an outcome of the 2010 High-level Plenary Meeting of the UN General Assembly, at which Member States called on the Secretary-General to make recommendations to advance the development agenda beyond 2015.
In order to progress this agenda, the UN has embarked on a wide-ranging consultation process to gather the insights and contributions of academia, media, the private sector, employers and trade unions, civil society and government decision makers and agencies across the UN system.
The Secretary-General has also appointed a High-level Panel of Eminent Persons, a Special Adviser and a UN System Task Team to report to him on the post-2015 agenda. Together, these various bodies, as well as the diverse range of public stakeholders, will contribute to the establishment of a new UN development framework for the post-2015 world.
The IOM is actively contributing to this process by advocating for migration to be recognized as an essential component of any future development framework and of national development policies and plans. Migration and development are highly interdependent processes, and it would be impossible to create a fully inclusive, open and transparent framework without addressing migration issues.
The objective of IOM’s post-2015 activities is therefore to contribute to a better understanding of the links between international migration and development in order to highlight the development potential of migration for the benefit of both societies and migrants and to contribute to a sustainable development framework that takes full account of the potential of migration to assist poverty reduction.