Region/Country: Europe and Central Asia/Montenegro


European Union (EU) integration represents a priority for the Government of Montenegro. The country is progressing steadily towards EU candidate status and has obtained visa-free status travel within the EU for its citizens. Authorities are developing a comprehensive system to manage migration and to this effect in the last years, the Government of Montenegro has adopted a number of laws as well as strategic documents and corresponding action plans. These include strategies to manage migration and ensure it contributes to the country’s development by addressing recurrent migration flows, improving the legal migration framework, and creating an appropriate institutional structure.

IOM aims to continue assisting the Government of Montenegro by providing advisory and operational support to the Montenegrin authorities in their efforts to strengthen the country’s migration management capacity, including improvements to border controls, efforts to curtail irregular migration and trafficking in persons as well as efforts to promote labour migration and development. IOM seeks to continue supporting the strengthening of capacities of national institutions to manage migration flows as well as the reinforcement of the competencies of relevant migration service providers, both within the government and the civil society.

Regulating Migration

IOM in Montenegro supports national authorities in their efforts to reinforce migration management capacities and enhance inter-agency cooperation and coordination. This involves updating the Migration Strategy and associated legislation in accordance with EU standards, supporting the establishment of an Inter-Agency Migration Working Group, providing legal support as well as capacity building for national institutions. It also supports the establishment of a Reception Center for irregular migrants.

In the field of border management, IOM has supported authorities’ efforts to improve border controls and reinforce cross-border cooperation through capacity building activities and the provision of technical equipment. It is currently involved in a regional project aiming at enhancing the development of functional, effective and integrated systems of border management in line with EU standards in the Western Balkans and Turkey.

Following many years of operational activities, IOM continues to support the national counter-trafficking coordination process which involves government authorities, NGOs, and other relevant stakeholders.

Main Projects

  • Supporting Migration Management in Montenegro
  • Strengthening Integrated Border Management in the Western Balkans and Turkey

Facilitating Migration

In the field of labour migration, IOM Podgorica participated in a regional project aiming to provide information, advice and referral services to migrants so as to assist them in making informed migration decisions while fostering local capacity and knowledge in the area of labour migration policy and practice.

IOM is implementing a project promoting youth social participation through a range of activities including awareness-raising and capacity building targeting national and municipal authorities, the civil society and youth. It further supports the development of partnerships among relevant institutions dealing with youth issues, at the national and local level, and the civil society in order to initiate effective strategies and measures that promote and motivate youth participation and mobility.

Main Project

  • Youth Social Revitalization in Montenegro

Last updated:
Main text: July 2010
Facts and figures: September 2014

Population (2015):625,781
Area:13,812 km sq
Languages :Serbian, Montenegrin
Currency:Euro (EUR)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 14,323
HDI Rank (2014):49 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 441 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-0.8 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):13.2%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):59.4%
Population under 15 (2015):18.7%
Sources and Definitions

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Bulevar Dzordza Vasingtona 3/45
81000 Podgorica

Tel: +381.8 123 43 32
Fax: +381.8 123 43 34