Specifically, the project will enhance the competency of government agencies and social and child protection actors to make informed decisions on TIP programming based on accurate data on TIP in Rwanda. The project will complement and reinforce ongoing efforts by the Government and key partners to address human trafficking. This project will also make available a comprehensive research report describing TIP in Rwanda and it will support civil society organizations in acquiring skills to contribute to counter trafficking efforts in the country.
Strengthening the identification and protection of victims of trafficking among refugees in Rwanda
IOM Rwanda partners with UNHCR and the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees (MIDIMAR) to increase the awareness of Trafficking in Persons, identification and referrals among the refugee community and staff operating in refugee settings, including the six camps and their surrounding communities. The project conducts a research assessment in the camps on the issue which will be used to deliver tailored awareness materials and sensitization activities for the refugees in the camps and their surrounding communities. The project will also conduct tailored trainings for the authorities which will improve the services offered and increase trust in the process and encourage victims and witnesses to come forward.
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Assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR)
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) is an indispensable part of a comprehensive approach to migration management aiming at orderly and humane return and reintegration of migrants who are unable or unwilling to remain in host or transit countries and wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin.
IOM Rwanda works with the Rwandan Government and UNHCR to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants, particularly to those who find themselves in difficult migratory circumstances. These can include individuals whose application for asylum was rejected or withdrawn, stranded migrants, victims of human trafficking, and other vulnerable groups.
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Reintegration of Rwandan Returnees
Reintegration plays an essential part of return migration as it empowers and protects returnees by providing them with necessary tools and assistance for their reinsertion into the society and their country of origin, while general contributing to the sustainability of return.
From 2010-2015, IOM Rwanda, in close coordination with the Government of Rwanda, assisted more than 8,000 Rwandan returnees from neighbouring countries, especially the Democratic Republic of Congo, through different socioeconomic reintegration projects.
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Immigration and Border Management
ICT Strategy for integrated border management
As Rwanda strives to secure its image as a leading example of development in the region, improving border management is a crucial part of the country’s strategy. IOM is working in close partnership with the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration (DGIE) to provide capacity building, training and technical assistance. The project aims to develop an integrated ICT strategy that helps to streamline online application procedures for visas and permits, increase the DGIE’s capacity to effectively monitor and manage increased population flow at borders, and integrate DGIE’s current systems with the Rwandan Government’s online initiative which will put all Government’s services together in one online platform.
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Migration and Development
Migration Data Management
IOM Rwanda assists the Government of Rwanda to streamline migration data in a way that it can be used effectively by policymakers, for the benefit of the country and migrants alike. A current migration profile exercise would bring together all information relevant to migration and development, thus allowing for a more appropriate policy approach and contributing to a better understanding of the policies implemented.
IOM Rwanda in close collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation (MINAFFET) is carrying out a diaspora mapping exercise in the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany. This diaspora mapping exercise will provide an insight into the diaspora socioeconomic profile, professional skills and expertise and will assess their capacity, interests and motivation to participate in the development process of their country of origin, Rwanda. The exercise will also promote evidence-based policymaking and support the mainstreaming of diaspora issues into the development policymaking process in the country.
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Migration and economic/community development
In Rwanda, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) experience a number of challenges, including: a) limited capacities of owners of SMEs to operate their business in a more professional way; b) limited knowledge of available opportunities on the market; and, c) lack of data and information for strategic initiatives.
In partnership with the Private Sector Federation, IOM Rwanda developed a strategic plan for a business institute with the aim of establishing appropriate mechanisms that respond to the capacity gaps of the private business operators, mainly start-ups and SMEs, as well as establish a platform for business research that will inform the advocacy agenda. This is part of return migration as it empowers and protects returnees by providing them with the necessary tools and assistance for their reinsertion into the society.
Migration Health Assessments and Travel Health Assistance
At the request of receiving country governments, IOM Rwanda provides an evaluation of the physical and mental health status of migrants prior to their departure for the purpose of resettlement, international employment, enrolment in specific migrant assistance programmes, or for obtaining a temporary or permanent visa.
IOM Rwanda’s Migration Health Assessment Center (MHAC) in Kigali provides health assessment services and travel assistance service mainly for migrants and refugees traveling temporarily or permanently to the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The health assessment is conducted by highly trained and experienced migration health physicians and nurses based on the protocols defined by the resettlement or admitting countries. From 2010 to June 2018, IOM Rwanda has medically assessed 18,700 refugees and has done 9,970 pre-departure medical screenings.
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Operations and Emergencies
Rwanda hosts thousands of refugees, mostly from the Democratic Republic Congo and Burundi. With the refugees’ prospects for return being uncertain, IOM Rwanda works to find long-term sustainable solutions for individuals who have spent years living in camps. IOM Rwanda resettles refugees to third countries, mainly to the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
IOM Rwanda works closely with the Government of Rwanda, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), non-government organizations and other partners. The resettlements process begins with UNHCR where they identify, interview and submit refugee cases to countries for resettlement consideration. Subsequently, under cooperative agreements with those same countries, IOM’s resettlement services — medical screenings, pre-departure briefings, fitness to travel checks, movement assistance — take place. Upon arrival, resettlement countries provide refugees with legal and physical protection, including access to civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights similar to those enjoyed by nationals. Most refugees eventually become naturalized citizens of their country of resettlement.
From 2008 to June 2018, IOM Rwanda facilitated resettlement activities and final departures for 11,631 refugees. Third Country Resettlement movement of refugees and the relevant activities to facilitate orderly migration is a significant role of IOM Rwanda’s programmes.
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IOM’s activities relating to emergency and post-emergency operations assistance focus on four phases of emergency intervention: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. IOM Rwanda, in partnership with ONE UN and the Government of Rwanda, particularly engages in programmes that decrease the community’s vulnerability to disasters and climate related threats by promoting access to off-farm livelihood skills development and livelihood diversification to broaden income generation options of vulnerable households. These programmes contain trainings of disaster management and vocational training that cover a variety of vocations from which the beneficiaries could choose, such as carpentry, masonry, food processing, weaving, knitting and shoe making.
IOM Rwanda has also implemented several projects to improve the living conditions of displaced families by providing WASH services (water, sanitation and hygiene) and shelter assistance.
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1. Government of Rwanda (GoR), mainly:
- MINAFFET: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation and East African Community
- MIDIMAR: Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugee Affairs
- DGIE: Directorate-General of Immigration and Emigration
- MINIJUST: Ministry of justice
- RDB: Rwandan Development Board
- MoH: Ministry of Health
- MINALOC: Ministry of Local Government
- MIFOTRA: Ministry of Public Service and Labour
2. One UN
1. IDF: International Development Fund
2. Government of the United States
3. Government of Canada
4. Government of Australia
Social Media Accounts
Main text: November 2018
Facts and figures: August 2014