Over the past decade, IOM has emerged as one of the world’s largest humanitarian actors, with large-scale relief operations under way in virtually every major humanitarian setting. IOM uses its extensive expertize and experience in this area both to provide support to States as well as the individuals and communities affected by crisis, and to actively contribute to the efforts of the international community to identify ways to more effectively address future humanitarian challenges related to natural hazards and conflicts. To this end, IOM actively engages at country, regional and global levels contributing to major global developments in the humanitarian field, such as the preparation of the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) and its follow up.
IOM’s key objective in the region is to ensure preparedness and enable a more effective operational response to crises and emergencies.
The region, although generally economically and institutionally able to respond to emergencies, nevertheless, faces a number of challenges. Several frozen conflicts in the region generated populations of IDPs, which have been growing recently as a result of the crisis in Ukraine, and with respect to whom durable and sustainable solutions still need to be found. At the same time, political uncertainty and the disaster-prone environment in some parts of the SEEECA region, the impacts of climate change and spill over effects from crises in neighbouring countries make preparedness, disaster risk reduction and community stabilization measures essential.
To enhance the understanding of complex mobility patterns related to crises, increase the level of preparedness and enable a more effective operational response to crises, IOM developed a tool titled the Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF), which was adopted by IOM Council in 2012.