Labour Mobility and Human Development

Maximizing positive aspects of migration, including harnessing its potential for development, and minimizing negative impacts is the major objective in the migration sphere in the SEEECA region, commonly identified by the governments, non-state and international stakeholders.

In 2015-2016, IOM’s work in the Labour Mobility and Human Development (LHD) area will be governed by two global processes – preparation and endorsement of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, and promotion of the International Recruitment Integrity System (IRIS). Mainstreaming migration into national and local development, diaspora engagement, facilitation of labour mobility and addressing push factors of migration through creating livelihood opportunities back home will remain IOM’s objectives in SEEECA region.

IOM’s operations in the region in the LHD area have been focused on delivering the following outcomes :

Expanding channels for regular migration and refining existing national and regional frameworks and operational mechanisms for labour mobility facilitation

Well-managed, legal corridors for migrant workers will lower the pressure to use irregular routes, reducing migrant vulnerability to human rights abuse, labour exploitation and exposure to risks of trafficking. At the same time, existing labour migration management systems in the region need to be further developed to maximize their contribution to the countries’ overall socio-economic goals and bring them in line with the existing demographic, labour market and migration trends.

Flagship initiative open for funding now:

  • Better informed skill-based management of labour mobility in South East Europe. Duration: 3 years. Approximate budget: 6 million USD.

 

Strengthen links between migration and development to maximize the benefits of migration and reduce its negative effects for countries, communities and migrants

Migration is increasingly recognized as a significant factor for the achievement of all three pillars of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. However, more needs to be done to strengthen the role of migration as an enabler of sustainable development for individuals, communities and societies, while addressing its negative impacts. More sophisticated mechanisms for labour migration management coupled with targeted measures to enable migrants and diaspora to become more effective agents of development, to lower costs of migration and risks associated with it, and to strengthen the impact of remittances and other migrant contributions are necessary. This requires measures not only in the migration sphere but also mainstreaming migration into broader developmental frameworks at national, regional and international levels, including the post-2015 development agenda.

Flagship initiatives open for funding:

  • Maximizing development benefit of labour mobility in Central Asia and Russia. Duration: 2 years. Approximate budget: 3.2 million USD.
  • Enhancing human development through diaspora engagement in Central Asia. Duration: 2 years. Approximate budget: 2.3 million USD.
  • Mainstreaming migration into local development in Eastern Europe. Duration: 2 years. Approximate budget:  2.75 million USD.