The first action aims at building the capacity of governments in Central Asia for maximizing the development benefit from labour mobility of their citizens within and out of the region. This initiative is based on public-private cooperation and aims to support policy development, bilateral agreements, legislation and administrative structures that promote effective and transparent recruitment and protection of migrant workers’ rights. As a specific outcome, the initiative will pilot a scheme for facilitating recruitment of qualified human resources in the region, in compliance with principles of fair and ethical recruitment and the International Recruitment Integrity System.
Another initiative is aimed at contributing to human capital development in Central Asia through effective diaspora engagement strategies and temporary return of qualified specialists (health and educational sectors) from Russia to Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. Diaspora engagement in Central Asia will also utilize the potential of modern means of communication and technology for reaping the benefits of migration, and for development of global databases, registers and virtual platforms, building sustainable partnerships among countries of origin, migrants, migrant networks and communities, including by undertaking diaspora mapping and building the capacity of responsible government bodies in developing and implementing diaspora engagement roadmaps. A future aim is to develop permanent, temporary and virtual return of qualified nationals to the countries of origin, to facilitate the transfer of knowledge and skills acquired by migrants during their time abroad to their home communities.
A third initiative aims at mainstreaming migration into local development in the Eastern Partnership Region through enterprise creation and development, support to migrant entrepreneurship, piloting of remittance linked financial instruments and attracting diaspora resources, utilizing the potential of modern means of communication and technology including crowdsourcing, partnering with financial institutions and other private entities to lower remittance transfer costs and link remittances and other financial gains from migration with credit schemes to promote entrepreneurial activities;