IOM assists States by reducing the overall cost of supporting new arrivals by better preparing migrants prior to their arrival and facilitates integration by reducing dependence on post-arrival services. Pre-departure orientation helps migrants better navigate their initial period of resettlement. It also helps them manage and foster realistic expectations; empowers them through facilitating the acquisition of skills, and finally provides a forum in which to ask questions, express their fears and concerns, so as to be better equipped to deal with cultural adaptation and change.
Participants in IOM's migrant training programmes include refugees, humanitarian entrants, family reunification cases, skilled migrants, marriage migrants, immigrants and temporary foreign workers. At its most effective, the training helps reduce the costs associated with integrating migrants, by enabling newcomers to rapidly become self-sufficient and productive members of the receiving society. This reduces their vulnerability while fostering their effective participation in their new community.
IOM's training methodology recognizes an interactive, learner-centered approach while also taking into account different learning styles. The primary goal of any training is to encourage participation as much as possible, and to strive to empower participants through creating meaningful and experiential learning opportunities. Providing an atmosphere of inclusion in which all participants are encouraged to actively take part, results in fostering a greater sense of belonging. Experiential and participatory training are seen as the most effective approaches, focusing on skills and attitudes rather than simply on information. Providing ample opportunities for learners to express themselves is key to the learning process.
Migrant training goes beyond simply the facts and information dispensed; it also addresses the psychosocial wellbeing of participants. This approach is now seen as an integral part of every IOM migrant training programme. Assisting migrants during periods of transition with compassion and respect significantly contributes to raising their self-esteem and reducing their levels of anxiety. Maintaining integrity throughout the training process begins and ends with the trainer.
In conclusion, IOM believes that migrant training contributes to the orderly and dignified departure of migrants, and facilitates their successful integration, regardless of whether they be temporary or permanent migrants.