Migration Policy and Legislation

IOM’s objective in this area is to support the development of comprehensive and evidence-based migration policies and legislation in line with international norms and standards

Due to the complex and dynamic nature of population flows in the region, migration management priorities of the SEEECA governments increasingly encompass all types of migration flows and cover all four pillars of migration management: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. While the SEEECA States have been more actively engaging in migration dialogue and cooperation, and their capacity to manage migration has improved in recent years, ensuring such a comprehensive approach remains a great challenge. The key gaps in the region, which IOM works to address include:

  • lack of reliable data on migration processes;
  • lack of institutional coherence and coordination;
  • weak legislative and policy basis for migration management.

IOM in SEEECA seeks to address these gaps through:

Enhancing evidence base on migration.

Promoting a whole of government approach to migration

A cohesive approach to migration policy development and management is still missing in many countries, as the migration portfolio is often divided among several ministries, and the coordination mechanisms to bring them together are not always in place or operational. Effective coordination is becoming increasingly difficult as new national structures focused on specific migration-related issues, such as ministries or agencies of diaspora, start emerging. As migration is a cross-cutting issue with relevance to many policy domains, it is also increasingly entering the portfolio of such non-line structures as ministries of labour, health, education, social welfare, environment and emergencies. Parliaments and courts are similarly becoming more active in framing policy decisions and developing practical mechanisms for addressing specific challenges.

Supporting migration policy and legislative development

IOM promotes migration policies and legislation which are coherent, comprehensive, and in line with national priorities and current migration realities, and which correspond to international norms and good practices. IOM also encourages synergies between migration and other relevant policy areas, such as development and poverty reduction, health, labour, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.