Mediterranean Migrant, Refugee Arrivals in Europe Top 120,000

Posted: 
02/26/16
Region-Country: 
Europe and Central Asia / Greece
Themes: 
Humanitarian Emergencies, Missing Migrants

Greece - Migrant and refugee arrivals in Greece and Italy have exceeded 120,000 in 2016, having reached the 100,000 milestone earlier this week, almost four months earlier than in 2015. As of 25/2, Greece alone had received some 111,099 arrivals since the beginning of the year, according to IOM estimates.

During the same period, over 418 migrants and refugees have also lost their lives trying to cross the Mediterranean, with the Eastern Mediterranean route between Turkey and Greece continuing to be the deadliest, accounting for 321 migrant deaths. During the same period in 2015, 428 migrants died in the first two months of the year.

According to IOM Greece, 3,348 arrivals were registered on 24 February. These are not the actual daily arrivals, but the number of migrants who have officially been recorded by the Greek authorities after their arrival. This procedure can take a few days.

According to updated data from the Greek authorities 67,415 migrants crossed into Greece in January of which approximately 44 percent were male, 22 percent female and 34 percent children.

The main departure country was Turkey and the main landing points were the Greek islands of Lesbos, Kos, Samos, Rhodes, Kalymnos, Megisti, Leros and Chios.

IOM Greece staff are present in the islands of Crete, Samos, Kos and Lesbos, working closely with the authorities to identify vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied minors, the elderly, migrants with medical needs, and families with children. Vulnerable groups are referred to the authorities to be given the necessary care.

Meanwhile in Italy, 1,085 migrants were rescued at sea in the last 2 days and brought to Pozzallo (531) and Augusta (554). Rescuers also brought five bodies to Augusta – three women and two men from Sub-Saharan Africa – who died during the journey.

"The news of these five deaths is deeply concerning. These migrants probably asphyxiated because of the overcrowding on board. Overloading the boats is a common practice by smugglers who promise safe passage to destitute migrants but want to maximize their profits. It is well known that overcrowding on the boats is common and deadly,” said Federico Soda, Director of the IOM Coordination Office for the Mediterranean in Rome.

Since the beginning of the year, IOM estimates that 8,966 migrants have arrived by sea in Italy. Compared to the same period last year, arrivals in Italy are about 1,000 higher.

“This increase is important because it consists almost entirely of migrants originating from Sub-Saharan Africa, in particular Nigeria, Gambia and Mali. We are also seeing an increase in the number of migrants coming from Morocco (483 in January 2016 compared to 93 in January 2015). Moroccan nationals are reaching Libya via Algeria and sometimes Tunisia. On the other hand, there has been a sharp drop in the number of Syrians using the Central Mediterranean route,” Soda noted.

In Italy, IOM staff are deployed at the main landing points in Sicily, including Lampedusa, Calabria and Apulia. They provide legal assistance to those arriving by sea, monitor reception conditions and support the authorities in the identification of vulnerable groups.

Arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean

 

1 Jan – 24 Feb 2016

1 Jan – 28 Feb 2015

Country

Arrivals

Deaths

Arrivals

Deaths

Greece

111,099*

321 (Eastern Med route)

3,952

428 (includes all Med routes)

Italy

8,966

97 (Central Med route)

7,882

Estimated Total

120,065

418

11,834

428

Data on deaths of migrants compiled by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). All numbers are minimum estimates. Arrivals estimates based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.
*As of 24 February 2016

Arrivals by sea in the Mediterranean 2014 - 2016

 

Country

Total 2014

Total 2015

1 Jan – 25 Feb 2016

Greece

34,442

853,650

111,099

Italy

170,100

153,842

8,966

For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic please go to:
http://missingmigrants.iom.int/sites/default/files/Mediterranean_Update_26_February_2016_0.pdf

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe   
Learn more about Missing Migrants Project at: http://MissingMigrants.iom.int

For further information please contact IOM Greece: Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email:  iomathens@iom.int or Kelly Namia, Tel: +302109919040, +302109912174, Email: knamia@iom.int.
Or Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: fdigiacomo@iom.int
Or IOM Geneva: Leonard Doyle, Tel: +41-792857123, Email: ldoyle@iom.intor Itayi Viriri, Tel: + 41 79 285 43 66, Email: iviriri@iom.int

Mediterranean Migrant, Refugee Arrivals in Europe Top 120,000