Mediterranean Migrant, Refugee Arrivals Top 100,000

Posted: 
02/23/16
Region-Country: 
Europe and Central Asia / Greece
Themes: 
Humanitarian Emergencies, Missing Migrants

Greece - Migrant and refugee arrivals in Greece and Italy in 2016 this week exceeded 100,000. As of 22/2, Greece alone had received some 102,547 arrivals since the beginning of the year. In comparison, in 2015, migrant arrivals topped 100,000 in June.

Over 413 migrants and refugees have also lost their lives during the same period, with the Eastern Mediterranean route between Turkey and Greece continuing to be the deadliest, accounting for 321 migrant deaths.

According to IOM Greece, an estimated 42,861 migrants have reached the Greek islands so far in February 2016. The Greek authorities say that they were mainly Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis, Iranians and Pakistanis. Others were from Morocco, Bangladesh and Somalia.

Between February 11-17, IOM estimates that some 7,286 refugees crossed from Greece into the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).

IOM staff are present in the islands of Crete, Samos, Kos and Lesbos, working closely with the authorities to identify vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied minors, the elderly, migrants with medical needs, and families with children. Vulnerable groups are referred to the authorities to be given the necessary care.

Meanwhile in Italy, following several days with no arrivals mainly due to rough seas, a total of 940 migrants were rescued in one day (22/2) in the channel of Sicily. Of these 357 were brought to Pozzallo, 342 to Messina and 241 to Lampedusa. Most are from Sub-Saharan Africa and many are fleeing Libya because of deteriorating security in the country, where they are often the target of violence. 

Since the beginning of the year, some 7,507 migrants have arrived by sea to Italy. This is roughly the same number as last year. 

“We are still registering the arrival of many vulnerable migrants, who are often in very bad condition, having been subjected to violence by smugglers in Libya. We are also still seeing many women victims of trafficking – an alarming trend already registered in 2015,” said IOM Italy spokesperson Flavio Di Giacomo.

IOM staff are deployed at the main landing points in Sicily (including Lampedusa), Calabria and Apulia. They provide legal assistance to those arriving by sea, monitor reception conditions and support the authorities in the identification of vulnerable groups.

 

Arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean: 1 January – 22 February 2016

 

 Country of Arrival

Arrivals

Deaths

Greece

102,547

321 (Eastern Med route)

Italy

7,507

92 (Central Med route)

Estimated Total

110,054

413

 

Data on deaths of migrants compiled by IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (GMDAC). All numbers are minimum estimates. Arrivals estimates based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.

 

Arrivals by sea and deaths in the Mediterranean 2015/2016

1 Jan – 22 Feb 2016

1 Jan – 28 Feb 2015

Country

Arrivals

Deaths

Arrivals

Deaths

Greece

102,547

321 (Eastern Med route)

3,952

428 (includes all Med routes)

Italy

7,507

92 (Central Med route)

7,882

Estimated Total

110,054

413

11,834

428

 

Country

Total 2014

Total 2015

1 Jan – 22 Feb 2016

Greece

34,442

853,650

102,547

Italy

170,100

153,842

7,507

Arrivals by sea in Greece

* Unofficial data on maritime arrivals collected by IOM staff and the Greek authorities.

  Arrivals by sea to GREECE - MAIN NATIONALITIES
January 2016

Main Countries of Origin

Tot.

Syria

30,979

Afghanistan

18,983

Iraq

12,335

Pakistan

2,532

Iran

2,304

Total All Countries of Origin

70,623

Arrivals by sea  in Italy

 

 1 January – 31 December 2015

153,842 *

*Data from the Italian Ministry of Interior.

 1 January – 22 February 2016

7,507*

*IOM estimate.

For the latest Mediterranean Update infographic please go to: http://missingmigrants.iom.int/sites/default/files/Mediterranean_Update_23_February_2016_0.pdf

For latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean, please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe   
Learn more about Missing Migrants Project at: http://MissingMigrants.iom.int

For further information please contact IOM Greece. Daniel Esdras, Tel: +30 210 9912174, Email:  iomathens@iom.int or Kelly Namia, Tel: +302109919040, +302109912174, Email: knamia@iom.int
Or Flavio Di Giacomo at IOM Italy, Tel: +39 347 089 8996, Email: fdigiacomo@iom.int
Or IOM Geneva, Leonard Doyle, Tel: +41-792857123, Email: ldoyle@iom.intor Itayi Viriri, Tel: + 41 79 285 43 66, Email: iviriri@iom.int

Mediterranean Migrant, Refugee Arrivals Top 100,000