This is the second in a series of three case studies leading to a synthesis report and a guidance document on effective humanitarian feedback mechanisms. The Pakistan field visit was conducted between January 7 and 18, 2013, and was hosted by IOM. This case study primarily focuses on feedback processes within IOM’s shelter programme and by extension, the feedback loops within the Shelter Cluster led by IOM.
This external evaluation looked at the Shelter and Non-Food Item Cluster led by IOM in Pakistan between 2010 and 2013. IOM managed the cluster for over three years during this period in response to three successive monsoon floods in the country. Overall, the evaluation noted that the cluster was effective at coordinating the response in the shelter and non-food item sectors, and regularly identified as one of the best clusters activated in Pakistan.
This document presents the IOM Pakistan ‘One Room Shelter’ programme, which was developed between 2010 and 2013, demonstrating that locally-appropriate, safer shelter solutions which capitalize on indigenous techniques and capacities can be implemented despite funding constraints.
Overall, the One Room Shelter (ORS) programme in 2011 of the IOM Mission in Pakistan was a highly successful response to the floods in south Sindh. It was achieved through learning lessons from past responses and partners, combined with inclusive leadership that enabled each stakeholder to play to their strengths.
RSK programme is a comprehensive package that support the self-help efforts of the affected population. This input entails knowledge transfer and the delivery of technical trainings on Disaster Risk Reduction measures, monitoring quality of shelter materials and the construction process, cash grants, as well as the participation of the community in the reutilization of fallen coconut trees as framing material.
This study draws together existing information on flood‐resilient shelter in order to identify key criteria that shelter partners and government can use to inform and assess the design of flood‐resilient housing in Southern Pakistan.
Typhoon Yolanda (International Codename: Haiyan) made its first landfall on 8 November 2013 in the Philippines in Guiuan, Eastern Samar, with the eye of the storm passing directly over the municipality. Peak winds reached 380 km per hour (235 mph) with sustained wind speeds of
315 km per hour (195 mph). The town suffered heavy damage to property, 110 people were killed and 3,625 were injured. In the province of Eastern Samar, as is common in most areas frequently affected by tropical cyclones, populations living in high risk areas evacuate to safe shelters (commonly public buildings such as schools and churches) in advance of the arrival of the storm.
This case study is part of an initiative to produce evidence-informed guidance for operational agencies on strengthening the effectiveness of feedback mechanisms for affected populations in humanitarian contexts.
This study examines the question of durable solutions to displacement in Port-au-Prince, recognizing that the challenges faced in Haiti may be a source of insight for responses to other urban, post-disaster displacement crises. It draws on the results of focus groups in camps and communities, site visits, in-depth interviews with several actors, and a survey of 2,576 households (outside camps) in Port-au-Prince.
The 2014 IOM Shelter Update publication features an overview of IOM Shelter support, 22 country updates, shelter activity in 5 other countries and a summary of recent publications.