The IOM Durable Housing Solution and Community Stabilization program is two-folded, it aims to: 1) pro-vide housing solutions to the population displaced by the earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January, 2010 and 2) mitigate natural disasters risks, create short-term jobs, reduce violence and improve public infra-structure.
IOM has played a major role in humanitarian shelter operations for many decades. Over the course of 2014, IOM’s Shelter programmes reached many beneficiaries affected by various types of disasters: Non-Food Items (NFIs) were distributed to 550,000 households, 220,000 households were provided with or supported to build shelters, 63,000 households received cash assistance and 58,000 houses were repaired.
Recurrent disasters in Pakistan have highlighted the need for dedicated and innovative measures to reduce the negative impacts of such events on populations in high-risk areas.
The 2015 IOM Shelter and Settlements Update publication features an overview of IOM Shelter support, 20 country updates, shelter activity in 3 other countries, a selection of 4 case studies and a summary of recent publications.
Overall, the One Room Shelter (ORS) programme in 2011 of the IOM Mission in Pakistan was a highly successful response to the floods in south Sindh. It was achieved through learning lessons from past responses and partners, combined with inclusive leadership that enabled each stakeholder to play to their strengths.
Typhoon Yolanda (International Codename: Haiyan) made its first landfall on 8 November 2013 in the Philippines in Guiuan, Eastern Samar, with the eye of the storm passing directly over the municipality. Peak winds reached 380 km per hour (235 mph) with sustained wind speeds of
315 km per hour (195 mph). The town suffered heavy damage to property, 110 people were killed and 3,625 were injured. In the province of Eastern Samar, as is common in most areas frequently affected by tropical cyclones, populations living in high risk areas evacuate to safe shelters (commonly public buildings such as schools and churches) in advance of the arrival of the storm.
This study examines the question of durable solutions to displacement in Port-au-Prince, recognizing that the challenges faced in Haiti may be a source of insight for responses to other urban, post-disaster displacement crises. It draws on the results of focus groups in camps and communities, site visits, in-depth interviews with several actors, and a survey of 2,576 households (outside camps) in Port-au-Prince.
The 2014 IOM Shelter Update publication features an overview of IOM Shelter support, 22 country updates, shelter activity in 5 other countries and a summary of recent publications.
This is the second in a series of three case studies leading to a synthesis report and a guidance document on effective humanitarian feedback mechanisms. The Pakistan field visit was conducted between January 7 and 18, 2013, and was hosted by IOM. This case study primarily focuses on feedback processes within IOM’s shelter programme and by extension, the feedback loops within the Shelter Cluster led by IOM.
This document presents the IOM Pakistan ‘One Room Shelter’ programme, which was developed between 2010 and 2013, demonstrating that locally-appropriate, safer shelter solutions which capitalize on indigenous techniques and capacities can be implemented despite funding constraints.