The 2014 IOM Shelter Update publication features an overview of IOM Shelter support, 22 country updates, shelter activity in 5 other countries and a summary of recent publications.
This is the second in a series of three case studies leading to a synthesis report and a guidance document on effective humanitarian feedback mechanisms. The Pakistan field visit was conducted between January 7 and 18, 2013, and was hosted by IOM. This case study primarily focuses on feedback processes within IOM’s shelter programme and by extension, the feedback loops within the Shelter Cluster led by IOM.
Typhoon Yolanda (International Codename: Haiyan) made its first landfall on 8 November 2013 in the Philippines in Guiuan, Eastern Samar, with the eye of the storm passing directly over the municipality. Peak winds reached 380 km per hour (235 mph) with sustained wind speeds of
315 km per hour (195 mph). The town suffered heavy damage to property, 110 people were killed and 3,625 were injured. In the province of Eastern Samar, as is common in most areas frequently affected by tropical cyclones, populations living in high risk areas evacuate to safe shelters (commonly public buildings such as schools and churches) in advance of the arrival of the storm.
This document presents the IOM Pakistan ‘One Room Shelter’ programme, which was developed between 2010 and 2013, demonstrating that locally-appropriate, safer shelter solutions which capitalize on indigenous techniques and capacities can be implemented despite funding constraints.
This case study is part of an initiative to produce evidence-informed guidance for operational agencies on strengthening the effectiveness of feedback mechanisms for affected populations in humanitarian contexts.