Overall, the One Room Shelter (ORS) programme in 2011 of the IOM Mission in Pakistan was a highly successful response to the floods in south Sindh. It was achieved through learning lessons from past responses and partners, combined with inclusive leadership that enabled each stakeholder to play to their strengths.
This document presents the IOM Pakistan ‘One Room Shelter’ programme, which was developed between 2010 and 2013, demonstrating that locally-appropriate, safer shelter solutions which capitalize on indigenous techniques and capacities can be implemented despite funding constraints.
This study examines the question of durable solutions to displacement in Port-au-Prince, recognizing that the challenges faced in Haiti may be a source of insight for responses to other urban, post-disaster displacement crises. It draws on the results of focus groups in camps and communities, site visits, in-depth interviews with several actors, and a survey of 2,576 households (outside camps) in Port-au-Prince.
Typhoon Yolanda (International Codename: Haiyan) made its first landfall on 8 November 2013 in the Philippines in Guiuan, Eastern Samar, with the eye of the storm passing directly over the municipality. Peak winds reached 380 km per hour (235 mph) with sustained wind speeds of
315 km per hour (195 mph). The town suffered heavy damage to property, 110 people were killed and 3,625 were injured. In the province of Eastern Samar, as is common in most areas frequently affected by tropical cyclones, populations living in high risk areas evacuate to safe shelters (commonly public buildings such as schools and churches) in advance of the arrival of the storm.
This study draws together existing information on flood‐resilient shelter in order to identify key criteria that shelter partners and government can use to inform and assess the design of flood‐resilient housing in Southern Pakistan.