Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime
Type: Inter-regional forum on migration (regions covered: Europe – Asia – Americas –Africa)
Formal association with regional or multi-stakeholder organization: None
Initiated at the Regional Ministerial Conference on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime held in Bali, Indonesia, the Bali Process aims to address practical issues related to smuggling, trafficking and related transnational crime. The objectives for Bali Process include:
- The development of more effective information and intelligence sharing;
- Improved cooperation among regional law enforcement agencies to deter and combat people smuggling and trafficking networks;
- Increased public awareness in order to discourage these activities and warn those susceptible;
- The enactment of national legislation to criminalize people smuggling and trafficking in persons;
- Provision of appropriate protection and assistance to the victims of trafficking, particularly women and children; and
- Assisting countries to adopt best practices in asylum management.
Current Thematic Focus
- Irregular migration
- Combatting human trafficking
- Migrant vulnerabilities
- Migrant integration
- Human mobility
- Human rights of migrants
- Private sector engagement (Bali Process Government and Business Forum)
- Business resources for the Bali Process Government and Business Forum
Member States (45 States)
|China||Papua New Guinea|
|Fiji||Republic of Korea|
|New Caledonia (France)||Samoa|
|Hong Kong (SAR of China)||Singapore|
|Iran (Islamic Republic of)||Syria|
|Lao PDR||United Arab Emirates|
|Macau (SAR of China)||United States of America|
Member Organizations (4 Organizations)
Bali Process has permanent co-chairs: Australia and Indonesia
Observer States (17 States)
Observer Organizations (13 Organizations)
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
APC Secretariat (APC is dormant at the moment)
International Centre for Migration Policy Development (ICMPD)
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
International Labour Office (ILO)
International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat
European Commission (EC)
World Bank (WB)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Ad Hoc Group
The Ad Hoc Group (AHG) mechanism was established in 2009 to comprehensively address situations on a case-by-case basis upon the request of most-affected countries, and to report developments to the wider membership of the Bali Process as appropriate.
Ad Hoc Group Members include 15 Bali Process Member States and 3 Member organizations:
The following operate under the Ad Hoc Group:
- Ad Hoc Group Technical Experts Working Group on Irregular Movements
- Bali Process Working Group on Trafficking in Persons
- Bali Process Working Group on the Disruption of People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons Networks
- Bali Process Task Force on Planning and Preparedness
- Regional Immigration Liaison Officer Network (RILON)
Bali Process Government and Business Forum
Launched in 2017, this initiative engages the private sector to combat human trafficking, forced labour and related exploitation.
Since the Sixth Ministerial Conference in March 2016, the Bali Process has stepped up its engagement to work towards realising the objectives of the 2016 Ministerial Declaration. The Second Forum was held on 6-7 August 2018, alongside the Seventh Ministerial Conference in Nusa Dua, Bali. Over 350 participants from 52 countries and a range of businesses attended the event. In a significant milestone for the Indo-Pacific region, the Acknowledge, Act, Advance Recommendations were endorsed by governments and businesses to advance long-term efforts to improve supply chain transparency, the treatment of workers, ethical recruitment and victim support.
IOM Australia Country Office with Coordinating Functions for the Pacific provides technical secretariat functions for the Bali Process.
The Regional Support Office of the Bali Process (RSO) was established in 2012 to facilitate the operationalization of the Regional Cooperation Framework or RCF (an inclusive and non-binding initiative of the Bali Process) to reduce irregular migration in the Asia and Pacific region.
The RSO aims to support and strengthen practical cooperation on refugee protection and international migration, including human trafficking and smuggling, and other components of migration management in the region. The RSO is the regional focal point for coordination, engagement, capacity building, and sharing best practice for countering people smuggling, trafficking in persons and related transnational crime. The RSO operates under the oversight and direction of the Indonesian and Australian Bali Process Co-Chairs, and in consultation with UNHCR and IOM.
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R.G. Casey Building
John McEwan Crescent
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Jalan Pejambon 6
Bali Process Regional Support Office
Level 27, Rajanakarn Building
183 South Sathorn Road, Sathorn
Bangkok 10120, Thailand
Tel: +66 (0) 2343 9477
22 November 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, 4th Joint Period of Action Debrief Workshop
February 12-13, Bangkok, Thailand, Technical Experts Group on Returns and Reintegration
February 14-15, 2019, Bangkok, Thailand, Task Force on Planning and Preparedness Fourth Meeting (TFPP)
March 21-22, 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, Task Force on Planning and Preparedness Third Meeting (National Plans of Action)
May 14-15, 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, Third Annual Meeting of the Bali Process TIP Working Group
May 16, 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bali Process TIP Working Group
June 26-27, 2018, Sydney, Australia; Steering Group Meeting and Ad Hoc Senior Officials' Meeting
August 6-7, 2018, Bali, Indonesia, Seventh Regional Ministerial Conference
- BPMC 7 Ministerial Declaration-Final
- Strategy for Cooperation – Seventh Ministerial Conference, 7 August 2018
- Ministerial Conference Co-Chairs’ Statement
- SOM Co-Chairs’ Statement
May 16, 2018, Bangkok, Thailand, Fourth Annual Meeting of the Bali Process TIP Working Group
October 31, 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Ad Hoc Senior Officials' Meeting [Final Co-Chairs' Statement | Bali Process Strategy: update| AHG Progress Report | Global Compacts paper].
September 14, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, 3rd Joint Period of Action Debrief Workshop under the Working Group on the Disruption of People Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons Networks [Bali Process Co-Chair's Media Statement].
August 24-25, 2017, Perth, Australia, Bali Process Government and Business Forum [Co-Chairs’ Statement|Perth Forum Work Plan ].
May 23-24, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Consultation Workshop – Bali Process Policy Guide on Following the Money in Trafficking in Persons Cases [Co-Chairs' statements].
May 25, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Bali Process Working Group on Trafficking in Persons Meeting [Co-Chairs’ Statement].
May 18-19, 2017, Bali, Indonesia, Second Meeting of the Task Force on Planning and Preparedness (in support of the Consultation Mechanism) - Table Top Exercise on Irregular and Mixed Maritime Movements [Co-chairs' statement].
February 28, 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 3rd Joint Period of Action Planning Workshop [Co-chairs' Statement].
February 23-24, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, Regional Biometric Data Exchange Solution (RBDES) - First Ad Hoc Group RBDES Workshop [Outcome Statements | RBDES -Frequently Asked Questions ].
January 27, 2017, Bangkok, Thailand, Bali Process Task Force on Planning and Preparedness (in support of the Consultation Mechanism) Meeting [Co-chairs' statement ].
November 16, 2016, Colombo, Sri Lanka, “Eleventh Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials” [Final Co-Chairs' Statement | Review of Region's Response to Andaman Sea Situation of May 2015].
March 23, 2016, Bali, Indonesia, Sixth Regional Ministerial Conference, [Final Co-Chairs' Statement | Bali Declaration on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Attachment A)].
March 22, 2016, Bali, Indonesia, Senior Officials Meeting, [Senior Officials Meeting final Co-Chairs' Statement].
February 2, 2016, Bangkok, Thailand, Tenth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials, [Outcomes Statement].
May 6, 2015, Wellington, New Zeeland, Senior Officials Meeting.
August 6, 2014, Canberra, Australia, Eighth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials.
April 2, 2013, Bali, Indonesia, Fifth Regional Ministerial Conference.
April 1, 2013, Bali, Indonesia, Senior Officials Meeting.
March 4-5, 2013, Sydney, Australia, Seventh Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials’ Meeting.
June 1, 2012, Bali, Indonesia, Sixth Meeting of the Ad Hoc Group Senior Officials.
Sixth Regional Ministerial Conference 2016 Final Co-Chairs' Statement
2003 Summary of the Bali Conference Preparatory Meeting
Bali Process Handbook on Addressing Irregular Migration through Effective Information Campaigns
Bali Process Policy Guides on Criminalizing Migrant Smuggling and Trafficking in Persons
Bali Process Policy Guides on Identification and Protection of Victims of Trafficking
Bali Process Thematic Brief on Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR)
Global Compacts on Refugees and on Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: The Bali Process experience (Global Compacts paper 2017)
Guide on Assisting and Interviewing Child Victims of Trafficking
Overview of the Bali Process Regional Support Office
Privacy and Data Protection Laws of Bali Process Member States
Quick Reference Guide for Frontline Border Officials
Quick Reference Guide on Interviewing Victims of Trafficking