Due to the increasing complexity of today's humanitarian emergencies and disasters (both human-made and natural), closer cooperation is required when it comes to the international community's response in a globalized world. Bringing adequate solutions to such challenges entails the need for both civilian and humanitarian actors, governments, donors and military forces to work together, quickly and effectively, to save lives, create an environment that is conducive to peace and stability, whilst also protecting national assets. 

Since it was established in 1951, IOM has developed its scope of activities and partnerships in its attempt to provide comprehensive responses to complex emergencies. Thus, IOM has sought to intensify interaction between selected military structures, such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), mainly driven by the objective to achieve coherent effects in countries of intervention and through this, achieve a better understanding of each others' respective mandates.