Brief description of the CCCM context in Colombia
The floods of 2010 and 2011 in Colombia were the most se-vere recorded in the last three decades. According to the Government of Colombia (GoC), by the end of the flooding in August 2011 more than four million people were affected, with nearly 600 injured, 486 dead and at least 43 missing. Moreover, more than 16,000 homes were destroyed and 500,000 severely damaged. Approximately 40,000 people were temporarily housed in 839 shelters.
Destruction of or damage to approximately 300 schools, sev-eral of which functioned as shelters, interrupted the educa-tion of at least 41,000 children. The GoC, with support from the international community, has installed more than 300 shelters in heavily-affected areas across the country. So far in 2012, 54,295 people have been affected by floods in more than 100 municipalities.
- Built 150 temporary shelters in rural areas of Ayapel, Córdoba; designed and constructed multi-family shelters for 560 families in the department of Sucre.
- Led shelter coordination and management project for Joint Programme of the UN system signed with the GoC.
- Developed an information system to monitor the situa-tion of the displaced population living in collective shel-ters, in coordination with the Shelter Cluster and the Temporary Shelter Committee of the GoC.
- Implemented emergency plan of action in the education sector. To date, 243 educational facilities used as collec-tive centers during the floods have been repaired.
- Delivered NFIs to 1,541 families in the departments of Chocó, Cauca and Nariño.
- Facilitated 46 days of gender sensitisation sessions for a total of 2,062 participants.
- Trained 51 participants in the information system for monitoring and follow-up of temporary shelters.
- Beginning in July 2012, the Agreement for the Coordina-tion and Management of Temporary Shelters is being implemented. It aims to strengthen the GoC’s capacity in the management and coordination of temporary shel-ters, with resources from the National Fund for Risk Management.
- Began implementing an agreement with the Ministry of National Education to develop contingency plans for education networks in emergencies in January 2012.
- Currently strengthening 52 mobile family ombudsmen units for the psychosocial care of persons living in tem-porary shelters in 19 departments of the country, in agreement with the Colombian Family Welfare Institute.
Areas in need of global cluster support
Development of contingency plans; strengthening of the existing relationship between Shelter and CCCM, taking into account that Colombia manages both under the same Clus-ter and using the same approach.
Plans for 2012 to 2013
- Update the rapid needs assessment methodology.
- Develop a manual for communities on the management of temporary shelters.
- Conduct a gender workshop in the framework of CCCM.
- Finalise a manual for the management of temporary shelters, contextualised for Colombia.