Australia is a country of some 24 million people originating from almost 200 different countries. Migration has enriched Australian society and contributed strongly to economic growth and productivity. Almost half of the people living in Australia today are either migrants or children of migrants. Migrants currently account for almost two thirds of Australia’s population growth. Australia continues to be a major destination country for humanitarian and other permanent immigrants, as well as short-term visitors. In addition to the sizeable number of people who come to Australia each year via legal and regular pathways, Australia manages the small proportion of people who arrive at its borders in an irregular manner via air and sea routes.
Australia works with its neighbours and international organizations to develop a comprehensive regional approach to deterring people smuggling activities. To this end, Australia is the co-chair with Indonesia of the more than 45 member Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (www.baliprocess.net). This approach complements robust refugee status assessment processes in Australia to identify persons in need of protection.
IOM Country Office for Australia has coordinating and liaison functions with the Government of Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific, to help address the broad range of migration issues not only in Australia and the region but globally through Australian-funded activities that, inter alia, directly assist migrants or build the capacity of other governments to better manage migration.
Movement, Emergency and Post-conflict Migration Management
- Assisted Passage for Australian Government Funded Refugees: Assistance for the resettlement travel of Australia-bound refugees
- IOM No Interest Loan Scheme (NILS): Provision of no-interest loan for the travel of refugee families
- New Zealand Government Funded Quota Refugee Resettlement Program: Assistance for the resettlement travel of New Zealand-bound refugees
- Health Assessment and Pre-departure Medical Screening (PDMS) for Humanitarian Entrants to Australia: Offshore health screenings and pre-departure medical check for the humanitarian entrants to Australia
- Offshore Medical Screening for the New Zealand Quota Refugees: Offshore health screenings and pre-departure medical check for New Zealand bound refugees
- Return Assistance to Failed Asylum Seekers and Irregular Migrants in Australia: Assistance with returning to country of origin for failed asylum seekers and irregular migrants
- Case Management, Counselling, Return Planning for Asylum Seekers in Australia: Return counselling services for the voluntary return of irregular maritime arrivals
- Reintegration Assistance for Irregular Migrants from Australia: Provision of the individualized reintegration assistance package for irregular migrants (asylum seekers) returnees from Australia
Migration and Development
- Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime (Bali Process): Logistical and administrative support for meetings and workshop relating to Bali Process
- Border Capacity Improvement Program (BCIP) in Vanuatu: Assessment and advice on the improvement of the capacity of the Vanuatu government’s border management mechanism
- Capacity building for Solomon Islands: Assessment and advice on the improvement of the capacity of the Solomon Islands government’s border management mechanism
- Concession Airfare and Baggage Allowance for Migrants Travelling to Australia and New Zealand: Discounted ticket and generous baggage allowance for migrants settling to Australia and New Zealand
- Sponsor Pre-paid Movements to Australia and New Zealand: Discounted ticket and generous baggage allowance for the sponsors of the Australia-and New Zealand-bound migrants in Australia or New Zealand
- Australian Cultural Orientation Programme (AUSCO): Provision of pre-departure orientation session to Australia-bound humanitarian entrants on the life in Australia
- Pre-Consular Supports to New Zealand Government: Pre-Consular supports to the government of New Zealand on their behalf where it has limited resources
Facts and Figures: February 2016