Region/Country: Africa and Middle East/Democratic Republic of the Congo

Overview

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) continues to face many challenges related to migration. There is a need to improve the collection of migration-related data, the development of migration policies – including long-term solutions for the over 1.6 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) – and the management of borders in a country that has most of the population living close to its borders, has a weak internal transport infrastructure and relies heavily on cross-border exchange. Because of its project implementation capacity, IOM in the DRC also plays an important role in the stabilization efforts of the international community in the Eastern DRC and implements projects aiming at the restoration of state authority and at creating conditions for the return of refugees and IDPs.

The IOM mission in the DRC currently has project activities and offices in the provinces of South Kivu, North Kivu, Province Orientale, and Equateur.

Movement, Emergency and Post-conflict

IOM DRC assists in the reintegration of migrants after their voluntary return to the DRC. The Organization also plans to assist in the voluntary repatriation of over 43,000 Angolan refugees who wish to return to Angola. In addition, IOM has a number of emergency and post-conflict projects mainly in the Eastern part of the DRC, and in Equateur province which suffered significantly from recent violence between communities in 2009 and 2010.

Military Camps Saïo and Nymunyunyi, Bukavu.IOM's largest project in the DRC contributes to garrisoning in the framework of the International Security and Stabilisation Support Strategy (ISSSS). Under this project, IOM is building permanent accommodation for military personnel of the Armed Forces of the DRC (FARDC) in Camp Saïo in Bukavu and Nyamunyunyi situated close to Bukavu airport in South Kivu. The construction works are due to be completed by the end of August 2011. A number of community projects (schools, community centres, markets, infrastructure) are improving the lives of civilians and military alike in the concerned communities.

Centres de Négoces / Mining Trade. The project is part of a larger strategy to help the Government of the DRC to regain control over the country's extraction and trade in minerals. Extraction is now to a large extent in the hands of armed groups, and as a result the benefits of mining activities do not reach the state treasury but are diverted. IOM's contribution to changing this situation is the construction of mining trade centres in North Kivu and South Kivu in close cooperation with UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the DRC / Joint Mission Analysis Centre (MONUSCO/JMAC). IOM has finished building trading centres for gold and diamonds in South Kivu and for cassiterite and coltan in North Kivu.

Six Public Buildings in North Kivu. This project saw the construction and completion of a building for the Tribunal de Paix (magistrates' court for minor offenses), a prison, an administrative building, and three police sous-commissariats.

Additional Work on Masisi Prison and Tribunal de Paix. The buildings are located in an area with steep slopes and need additional stabilization works that will also protect other buildings and roads in the area.

Police Housing Units along Priority Axes. The aim is to build housing for 480 police officers and their families corresponding to administrative buildings (commissariats and sous-commissariats) in North and South Kivu.

FARDC Training Camp, Lukusa province. This project replaces a previously planned project for the rehabilitation of the camps at Luberizi, South Kivu and Nyaleke, North Kivu. As part of the project, IOM built seven classrooms for trainings and rehabilitated houses dating from the colonial period that will serve as accommodation for army personnel who will be part of the military police. The inauguration is planned for the end of July.

Durable Reintegration of Former Combatants and Improved Living Conditions for Receiving Communities in Walikale. This project includes vocational training for former combatants and involvement in environmental initiatives and projects relevant for the community, in cooperation with a local NGO.

Dungu-Bitima Road. The project will help the World Food Programme to bring food convoys into the DRC from South Sudan and will increase security on this axis. The rehabilitation of the 125 km road in cooperation with the NGO AIDER provided work for up to 1000 daily workers during the implementation of the project, completed in June 2011.

Administrative Buildings in Equateur and North Kivu. In the framework of this project funded by UNDP as part of the Programme d'Appui à la Décentralisation et au Développement Local, IOM will build four administrative buildings in Equateur and two in north Kivu.

Support Teams for the Military Justice. In this project, IOM supports the Rule of Law of MONUSCO with the procurement of equipment and recruitment of experts that will support the DRC's military justice processes including the provision of military investigators and prosecutors.

Main Projects

  • Reintegration support for voluntary returnees to DRC
  • Various projects under the International Security and Stabilisation Support Strategy

Migration Health

IOM plans to provide medical assistance to Congolese migrants expelled from Angola in the framework of the regional Partnership on Health and Migration in East and Southern Africa (PHAMESA) programme.

Project

  • Migration for Development in Africa

Migration and Development

Donor

  • Government of Belgium

Under the Migration for Development in Africa (MIDA) programme, IOM supports the socio-economic development of the country through the transfer of knowledge and technical know-how to DRC on the basis of short-term consultancy from highly qualified expatriate DRC nationals.

Project

  • Migration for Development in Africa

Regulating Migration

Donors

  • Government of the United Kingdom
  • Government of the United States

Several Technical Cooperation projects should also be seen in the general post-conflict and stabilization context, or in the context of the ongoing reform of the Security Sector.

Follow-up on the Development of the Border Directorate of the Police Nationale Congolaise in the District of Ituri. This project includes the training of border police officers, the extension of facilities in the Bunia training centre and in Kasenyi, and the construction of accommodation for the Police Nationale Congolaise (PNC) in Bunia and Kasenyi and dormitories in the border posts on the border with Uganda. The construction of border points and flats in Ariwara, Aru, Goli and Mahagi are well advanced.

Capacity Building for the PNC to deal with Sexual Violence in Ituri. This project includes construction of a training centre, twelve police stations and sub-stations, and the procurement of equipment. Training for 680 police officers on handling sexual violence is done in cooperation with the UN Police.

Support to the Reform of the Human Resources Management of the Police Nationale Congolaise. The project aims at the creation and roll out of an integrated human resources management tool for the PNC. The data of over 80,000 police staff in 8 of the 11 provinces of the DRC have already been collected by June 2011.

Kavimvira Border Post, South Kivu. The project has strengthened the immigration service (DGM) by supporting the connection of border points with a central database of entries and exits introduced in the framework of earlier IOM projects. In this project, IOM has built a border point at Kavimvira (between Uvira and the capital of Burundi, Bujumbura). The DGM building is completed and DGM staff has been trained in the operation of equipment.

Follow up of the Development of the Border Police in the Provinces of the North and South Kivu and Promotion of Integrated Border Management in the DRC. Activities include the training of border police in Bukavu, the deployment of 28 prefab office containers to border locations in North and South Kivu, building solid border points for the different government agencies involved in border management, and the construction of an administrative building for the border police in Butembo town. Workshops with the relevant national and provincial government counterparts in Kinshasa and in the provinces promote the concept of Integrated Border Management and assist the government in introducing enhanced inter-agency information sharing and cooperation at the borders. After a technical workshop with all the agencies working at the border in Kinshasa in November 2010, a steering group for integrated border management was created in March 2011.

Main Projects

  • Various technical cooperation and capacity-building projects in the context of post-conflict stabilization and reform of the security sector

Counter-Trafficking

Donor

  • Government of the United States

Support for the Government of the DRC to Combat Human Trafficking. This project supports the Government of the DRC in taking a more active role in combating human trafficking. In this context, IOM conducts research on the specific realities of human trafficking in nine locations in the DRC and will present the findings to the relevant decision makers at a national workshop, and plan the appointment of a governmental focal point as well as the establishment of an inter-ministerial working group on counter-trafficking. Moreover, IOM will support the Government's efforts to draft a national counter-trafficking work plan and counter-trafficking legislation, in addition to promoting the adoption of the counter-trafficking work plan and the organization of capacity building events for law-enforcement agencies.

Project

  • Support for the Government of the DRC to Combat Human Trafficking

Last updated:
Main text: July 2011
Facts and figures: August 2014

CapitalKinshasa
Population (2015):77.3 million
Area:2,344,858 km sq
Languages :French, Kikongo, Kiswahili, Lingala, Tshiluba
Currency:Congolese Franc (CDF)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 805
HDI Rank (2014):176 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 35 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):0 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):0.7%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):51.5%
Population under 15 (2015):46%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):1%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
372 Avenue Colonel Mondjiba
Bâtiment 58
Concession Utex/Immotex
Kinshasa, Ngaliema
Democratic Republic of the Congo

Tel: +243. 81 032 55 33
Fax: +24.39 88 01 66 2 (UNDP), +24.42 37 08 77
Email: iomkinshasa@iom.int
Website: www.drcongo.iom.int

Source: un.org