IOM Ghana’s Areas of Intervention
The Migration Health Division (MHD) at IOM Ghana conducts migration health assessments and provides travel health assistance for refugees and immigrant visa applicants for selected countries at the Migration Health Assessment Centre (MHAC) in Accra. MHD also provides medical services and coordinates migration health activities including health assessment, screenings, DNA sample collection, support to medical cases, and medical escort assistance as required, for 23 countries in West and Central Africa (WCA). Medical missions are conducted to strengthen health assessment and travel assistance capacity within the sub-region.
Operations & Movements
IOM Ghana coordinates Movement Operations in WCA and manages resettlement and movement projects and coordinates activities like pre-departure, transit and arrival orientation, provision of transportation, logistical support to travel, and support with real-time movement tracking. IOM Ghana also provides verification services by leveraging its local knowledge and strong network to mitigate immigration and visa fraud.
Since 2002, IOM Ghana has partnered with the Government of Ghana, international development organisations, the diplomatic community as well as civil society to tackle issues surrounding trafficking in persons, organise rescue missions, and strengthen the institutional capacities. The most prevalent type of trafficking in Ghana is internal child trafficking, especially of children subjected to forced labour in the fishing, mining, agricultural and informal sectors, including street hawking, begging and portering. Ghanaian men, women and children are also recruited and sent to the Middle East, West Africa and Europe for forced labour and sex trafficking.
Migrant Assistance & Safe Migration
IOM Ghana supports migrants requiring protection and/or return and reintegration assistance. Beneficiaries assisted consist of irregular and regular migrants, failed asylum seekers, stranded migrants, and migrants in vulnerable situations, such as victims of trafficking, unaccompanied migrant children and migrants with medical needs. Through awareness raising activities IOM educates the public on various migration issues affecting Ghana.
Migration & Development
IOM’s migration and development programmes support Ghana’s efforts to leverage migration for sustainable development, support poverty reduction efforts and empower communities. Actions focus on remittances for development, diaspora entrepreneurship and transfer of skills.
Gender & Youth
IOM Ghana is committed to gender mainstreaming in all its migration management activities, as a person’s sex, gender identity and sexual orientation shape every stage of the migration experience. Furthermore, IOM constantly engages with the youth, for instance to mobilise action on the migration-related SDGs and to raise awareness on the dangers of irregular migration, the opportunities for the youth in the country, and safe and regular migration options.
Migration & Environment
Migration is a complex multidimensional phenomenon: environmental and climate factors are both drivers and pull factors, often related to economic, social, political and demographic aspects. Change in the environment, in conjunction with a community’s and an individual’s resilience and vulnerability to environmental risks and climate change, can influence migration trends. IOM Ghana works to ensure that the Migration, Environment and Climate Change (MECC) nexus is considered in all its interventions.
Migration & the SDGs
The main reference to migration in the SDGs is made under SDG 10 on “Reduced Inequalities” (target 10.7), which strives to “facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies.” But migration is well mainstreamed throughout the SDGs, which are interconnected and indivisible: progress in one area is linked to progress in all areas. In Ghana, IOM supports the Government in its ambition to harness the benefits of migration for socioeconomic development.
2018 achievements in figures
- 10,709 visa applications for Canada received
- 6,257 health assessments for visa applicants conducted at the Migration Health Assessment Centre in Accra
- 2,111 migrants and refugees supported to reach 31 countries of destination and resettlement
- 672 Ghanaians assisted to return home
- 362 Canada and Australia-bound refugees provided with cultural orientation before their departure
- 138 journalists trained on reporting on irregular migration, free movement and general migration related issues
- 50 survivors of child trafficking received coordinated reintegration assistance
- 80,600+ people reached in the Brong Ahafo, Central, Greater Accra and Western Regions through awareness raising activities