Region/Country: America/Guatemala

From the Chief of Mission

Migration Activities

Guatemalan Repatriates Project (GRP - Proyecto de Apoyo a Repatriados Guatemaltecos)

Since 2004 Guatemala has seen a steady number of Guatemalans being forcibly returned from other countries. Statistics from the General Directorate of Migration show that in 2011, 30,855 Guatemalans were forcibly returned by air from the United States and 31,427 by land from Mexico. Upon their return to the country, migrants face myriad difficulties and obstacles to their successful reintegration, such as limited economic opportunities and the lack of access to formal education, social services and credit. The persistence of these conditions which pushed them away from Guatemala in the first place compounded with the “failed” voyage produces low self-esteem and emotional problems in many returnees. In reaction to this dynamic the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and IOM began the Guatemalan Repatriates Project in 2010.

Objectives

  • Provide technical assistance, goods and services to migrants who are forcibly returned.
  • Protect the human rights of Guatemalan citizens who are forced to return.
  • Assist migrants in their social and economic reintegration into Guatemalan society, paying special attention to unaccompanied minors, disabled returnees and victims of trafficking in persons.

Components

  • Basic Services to Forced Returnees: Transportation to communities of origin, reintegration, psychosocial support, protection for victims of trafficking.
  • Counter Trafficking: Cooperation for victim assistance and technical support in the prevention and prosecution of crimes
  • Economic and Social Reintegration: Support in job search, training, counseling and life plans
  • National Immigration Policy: Development and strengthening support to the government and civil society
  • Referral and Opportunities Center and methodologies for successful reintegration

Benefits for Counterparts

Area of Collaboration Business Benefit Social Benefit
Employer Access to skilled labor Access to skilled workforce
Operator (provider of products or services) Brand positioning and market expansion Migrants with access to differentiated products and services
Trainer Sharing of experiences and technology. Expansion of market Increased technical training and knowledge in migrant population
Donor Management of social programmes credibility and transparency Increased coverage of IOM programmes to beneficiaries

Benefits for Migrants: Referral and Opportunities Center (CRO)

  • Psychosocial support (crisis intervention)
  • Connections to social and economic reintegration opportunities
  • Job skills training
  • Referrals to employment vacancies in Guatemala City and in southwestern Guatemala
  • Microenterprise development

Additional Info

  • Hours: Monday to Friday, 8:30 am to 5:00 pm
  • Tel: +502 2314-0061, +502 4546–1012
  • San Marcos department: +502 7760-2184
  • Email: iomguatemalaavrr@iom.int

The Temporary Foreign Workers Programme (Programa de trabajadores migrantes temporales Guatemala – Canadá)

Established in 2003 in Guatemala, the Temporary Foreign Workers Programme (TFWP) allows workers from rural areas of Guatemala to have access to temporary working opportunities in Canada. Since its establishment, IOM Guatemala has placed some 6,000 workers with Canadian businesses. The TFWP has become an important link between Canadian producers that require capable, temporary manpower and experienced Guatemalan workers who are interested in an employment opportunity abroad.

Objectives

  • Facilitate a safe and organized migration
  • Contribute to the improvement of the economic conditions of workers from rural areas.

Partners
IOM currently works in coordination with the Governments of Canada and Guatemala. The TFWP is currently implemented in the following provinces:

  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island

Its counterparts in Guatemala are:

  • Canadian Embassy
  • Mexican Embassy
  • Ministry of Governance
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  • Airlines

IOM coordinates liaison with employers and the Consulate of Guatemala in Canada; the latter is responsible for monitoring the worker while in the host country.

Programme Phases

  • Phase 1: Employers requirement of workers and recruitment plan
  • Phase 2: Selection, pre-consulate services and preparedness before travel
  • Phase 3: Arrival and labour integration in Canada
  • Phase 4: Return to Guatemala

Activities
During the eight-week process, the following activities take place:

  • Receiving of requests for workers from employers in Canada
  • Pre-recruitment
  • Evaluation
  • Pre-consular assistance (Canadian visa and medical exams)
  • Pre-departure orientation (security and finance education for the families)
  • Airport assistance.

Programme Requirements for Workers:

  • Participation in the recruitment process that IOM organizes in Guatemalan communities
  • Compliance with employer’s requirements
  • Approval of medical and physical examinations and passing of math and ability tests
  • Nonexistence of legal impediment.

Programme Requirements for Employers:

  • Labour Market Opinion by Service Canada
  • Requirements for workers

Programme Benefits

  • Fair and transparent processes according to IOM global standards
  • Respect to human and labor rights of migrants
  • Local economic development
  • Comprehensive pre-departure orientation
  • Workshops on financial education and security norms
  • Development in technical capacities in areas such as agriculture, cattle farming, poultry raising, hog raising and beekeeping
  • Discounts in air fare (covered by the employer for each worker).

Additional Info

  • Hours: Monday to Friday, 2:00pm to 5:00pm
  • Employers Assistance: (502) 2367-4753
  • Air Carriers: (502) 2333-6060
  • Workers: (502) 2314-0007
  • Counterparts: (502) 2314-0020
  • Fax: (502) 2333-6058
Last updated:
Main text: August 2012
Facts and figures: May 2012
CapitalGuatemala City
Population (2015):16.3 million
Area:108,890 km sq
Languages :Spanish, more than 20 indigenous languages
Currency:Quetzal (GTQ)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 7,527
HDI Rank (2014):128 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 5,845 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-1.1 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):0.5%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):52.7%
Population under 15 (2015):36.6%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):0.5%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
8a. Avenida 15-07, Zona 10
Guatemala, Guatemala C. A.
01010

PBX: +502.2314 00 00
Tel: +502.2367 47 53
Fax: +502.2333 60 58
Email: iomguatemala@iom.int

Source: un.org