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Background of Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Lao People’s Democratic Republic is a landlocked country located in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), sharing a border with Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam, China and Myanmar. The country’s geographical location and its move towards greater economic integration with its neighbours has led to the development of large infrastructure projects to increase and improve regional trade. These have also contributed to greater population mobility. This, in turn, has resulted in an increase in irregular and unsafe migration, human trafficking, and the risk of cross-border transmission of diseases.

Lao People’s Democratic Republic is also prone to various natural disasters, which have impacted the livelihoods of local communities and migrant populations. Migrants and mobile populations, especially women and children, are particularly vulnerable due to their limited access to social services and protection, especially when they are away from their home communities.

Population (July 2018)6.9 million
Area:237,955 km sq
Official Languages :Lao, French
Currency:Kip (LAK)
GDP per Capita PPP (2017):USD 7,023.4
Country CategoryLeast Developed Countries (LDCs)
Unemployment Rate of Total Population (2017)1.5%
Youth Unemployment Rate (2017)4%
Adults and Children Living with HIV (2016)10,000 – 13,000
Adult HIV Prevalence (2016):0.30%
Disaster displaced population (2008-2017)>110,999
Climate Risk Index for 1997–2016 Rank90 out of 182
Total number of international migrants residing in Lao People’s Democratic Republic 45,500
Proportion of female migrants of the international immigrant stock 46.3%
Percentage of international migrants 19 years and younger living in Lao People’s Democratic Republic17%
Total number of emigrants who have left the country1.3 million
Value of personal remittances received (World Bank and IMF, 2016)USD 116,384,100

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
UN House, 3rd Floor
Lane Xang Avenue
PO BOX 345
Lao People’s Democratic Republic

Tel: +856 21 267 734
Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/IOM.Laos.int