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Mali has a long history of emigration, and has also become an important transit point for migratory flows within the region and beyond. The country is characterized by migration trends that range from cultural practices that promote migration as a rite of passage for young men, to circular and seasonal migration including pastoral and nomadic movements.

Factors that drive migration in Mali include interrelated economic and environmental pressures, as well as the impact of recent conflicts in the region:

Economic factors: Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world, with 43.6% of its population below the national poverty line (World Bank, 2013). Poverty levels are particularly high in rural areas, where the majority of migrants originate from. Unemployment in Mali was 9.6% in 2011 and 15.4% for those aged 15-39, which can be attributed to high population growth (3.6% a year), low economic growth, migration out of rural areas, and lack of training and education possibilities (AfricanEconomic Outlook, 2012). In addition, the post-2010 election crisis in Cote d’Ivoire and the 2011 Libya crisis contributed to increased prices in oil and food, further straining the resources of local populations. These economic factors have led to both internal and external migration of Malians, whose remittances help to support local economies, meet the needs of families, and sometimes provide capital to set up small enterprises.

Population (2015):17.6 million
Area:1,240,192 km sq
Languages :French, Bambara
Currency:Communauté financière africaine franc (XOF)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 1,733
HDI Rank (2014):179 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 923 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-2.1 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):2.1%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):48.8%
Population under 15 (2015):47.5%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):1.40%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Faso-Kanu Badala Est

Tel: +00223.2 029 76 97, +00223.2 029 76 98
Email: iombamako@iom.int
Website: http://mali.iom.int