Facts and Figures
Net Migration Rate
-0.765/1000 population
13.6% of GDP
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants
6.4 %

Situated in Southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, Montenegro is a country of captivating contrasts and diverse landscapes. Bordered by Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, and Albania, Montenegro serves as a crossroads of cultures.

The capital, Podgorica, is the administrative hub, while Cetinje stands as a testament to Montenegro's historical and cultural heritage.

Montenegro's ethnic composition is rich and varied, encompassing Montenegrins, Serbs, Bosniaks, Albanians, and more. Languages include Montenegrin, Serbian, Bosnian, and Albanian, echoing Montenegro's harmonious coexistence.

Since declaring independence in 2006, Montenegro has steadfastly navigated its path as a democratic and parliamentary republic.


IOM Montenegro

IOM has been present in Montenegro since 2001. As Montenegro continues to pursue its aim of accession to the European Union (EU), increasing attention has been given to key migration issues by the Government, civil society, academia, and the media.

A primary objective remains providing advisory and operational support to the Montenegrin Government. This involves enhancing migration management capacity by bolstering integrated border controls, intensifying counter-trafficking endeavors, establishing mechanisms for vulnerable migrant protection, facilitating voluntary return and reintegration, and creating avenues for data collection, exchange, and analysis in partnership with neighboring countries.

Montenegro's authorities are actively crafting a comprehensive migration management framework. This encompasses the enactment of laws, formulation of strategic documents, and corresponding action plans. Key strategies focus on channeling migration for developmental benefits, managing recurrent migration flows, enhancing the legal migration framework, and establishing effective institutional structures.

Today, with a focus on building the capacity of Montenegrin Government to manage migration, IOM is working with a wide range of governmental and non-governmental partners in the following thematic areas: Humanitarian Assistance and Protection, Resilience and Social Cohesion, Human Mobility and Migration Governance.

The European Union and Montenegro

Montenegro is a candidate country aiming for EU membership, solidified its European perspective when the Council reaffirmed its candidacy in June 2006 following EU Member States' recognition of Montenegro's independence. The journey commenced in 2001 with the CARDS program, which led to the

signing of the Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA) and the Interim Agreement in 2007. These agreements entered into force in 2008 and 2010, symbolizing Montenegro's commitment to its European future and partnership with the EU.

The path to EU membership gained momentum in 2008 when Montenegro applied for accession. A favorable Commission opinion in 2010 marked the identification of 7 pivotal priorities, granting Montenegro candidate status. The Council initiated the accession process in December 2011, setting the stage for negotiations in June 2012. With negotiations underway, Montenegro's journey continued as it addressed 33 key chapters, with 3 of them provisionally closed after 11 years of negotiations.

An integral aspect of Montenegro's progress is the substantial support from the European Union. As the largest foreign donor, the EU has provided over EUR 610 million in non-refundable aid since 2007, fostering development and reforms. This enduring collaboration traces back to 2001's CARDS program and culminated in IPA II, which allocates 270 million in grants from 2014 to 2020. IPA II strategically focuses on areas essential for Montenegro's preparation for EU membership.

In essence, Montenegro's journey towards EU membership, underscored by significant EU support, is characterized by milestones, commitment, and strategic partnership.

Source: The European Union and Montenegro | EEAS (europa.eu)

Our Work

Humanitarian Assistance and Protection

Promoting long-term and protection-sensitive approach to the mixed migration response is a critical priority of IOM in Montenegro. IOM continues to promote access to rights-based and life-saving assistance. In 2020, through a regional project, IOM assisted the Ministry of Interior to finalize the construction and furnishing of Božaj Reception Center.

IOM’s mobile team continues to provide humanitarian assistance and protection to migrants and, together with partners, supply a wide range of services (WASH, psychological support, transportation, and protection assistance) in Temporary Reception Center Božaj, in line with international standards and meeting basic needs of those accommodated.

IOM’s support is focused on building capacities of authorities in migration crisis management and preparedness, providing technical support and tools to authorities in protection-sensitive and humanitarian border management. IOM contributes to building institutional capacities to screen, register, refer and assist vulnerable persons within the mixed migratory flows.

Resilience and Social Cohesion

In recent years, IOM has supported initiatives aimed at addressing drivers of instability, revitalizing local governance mechanism, creating positive initiatives and narratives with youth and media partners, and preventing violent extremism through education and cultural awareness in marginalized communities.

Specifically, since 2018, a special attention is given to prevent radicalization, recruitment, and inspiration of individuals to violence extremists’ ideologies and group in Montenegro.

Through strong youth programming, IOM promotes social cohesion, empowers and network local youth as agents of change to let them lead advocacy efforts and implement community initiatives, amplify positive narratives, and promote participation in democratic processes to strengthen trust in local institutions.

Human Mobility

IOM remains committed to support the authorities in Montenegro to build sound management systems and facilitate safe, dignified, and sustainable solutions for those in need, with a focus on the most vulnerable. IOM supports alignment of national legal frameworks with EU and international frameworks and promotes functional, effective, and integrated systems of border management through inter-agency, bilateral and regional cooperation, and coordination.

IOM continues to implement its assisted voluntary return and reintegration programme (AVRR), supporting stranded migrants return and reintegrate in their country of origin. Since 2016, IOM

Montenegro has supported over 100 migrants return home and provided more than 20 in-kind reintegration grants.

Combatting migrant smuggling and human trafficking remains at the forefront of IOM’s efforts in Montenegro. Through its projects, IOM enhances counter-trafficking (CT) efforts by strengthening capacities and mechanisms for victim screening and identification and enhancing awareness of trafficking in persons (TIP) risk factors amongst vulnerable populations.

IOM has a longstanding cooperation with the Ministry of Interior and continues to support Montenegro to ensure that the asylum system complies with international standards and practices, as well as aligns with the EU acquis, within the context of EU accession process. IOM Montenegro has also supported the establishment of Advanced Passenger Information systems, to ensure improved border management benefiting both states and migrants.

Migration Governance

Supporting effective migration governance through policy development and migration mainstreaming is fundamental to IOM’s mandate in Montenegro and work as a part of the United Nations system. IOM is providing support to the State in developing national responses for the implementation of programmes supporting the SDG and GCM and continues to facilitate alignment with EU acquis.

Contributing to evidence-based migration policy and dialogues supports the overall mandate of IOM in Montenegro. In the context of the migration response, IOM continues building upon the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) system to map migrants’ presence and needs and provide critical information on profiles, intentions, vulnerabilities, and risks along the journey.

Projects and donors
Project Donor

Western Balkans Integrated Border Management Facility (WBIBM)

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

Western Balkans Readmission Capacity Building Facility (WBCAP)

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

Western Balkans Integrated Border Management Facility (WBIBM)

Romanian Agency for International Development (RoAid)

EU Regional Support to Protection-sensitive Migration Management Systems in the Western Balkans - Phase III

Diaspora Engagement for Sustainable Development of Montenegro (Phase II) IOM Development Fund (IDF)

Individual Measure to Strengthen Integrated Border Management Capacities in Montenegro

EU Delegation to Montenegro

Addressing mixed migration flows in the Western Balkans

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs HQ

Western Balkans joint actions against smuggling of migrants and trafficking in human beings

Ministry Of Foreign Affairs of Denmark
Career opportunities

Being a member of the IOM team requires the highest standards of efficiency, competence and integrity. As an international organization with a global mandate, IOM also aims to maintain an equitable geographical balance among its staff. As such, its recruitment efforts target, but are not necessarily limited to, nationals of its Member States. IOM is an equal opportunity employer and seeks committed professionals with a wide variety of skills in the field of migration. IOM staff work in multi-cultural environments, in which diversity and cultural sensitivity are valued.

Position Grade Closing Date
Project Associate   G4 3 October  2023
Finance and Administrative Associate G4 26 September 2023
Procurement opportunities

A valuable factor in IOM's good standing among Member States and donors is its careful stewardship of entrusted funds. As IOM continues to grow in response to global migration challenges, our procurement needs grow as well. We employ the highest ethical standards in all procurement transactions and choose vendors and service providers based on our policies and defined selection criteria.

Contact information

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
BC Hilton, Ulica Slobode 2, V floor,
81000 Podgorica, Montenegro

Tel: +382 68 865 005
Email: iompodgorica@iom.int, iommontenegro@iom.int

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