The outflow of both high- and low-skilled labour from Poland, mainly to the United Kingdom and Ireland has stabilized; however, there is still a need for information campaigns among Poles living abroad on possibilities after coming back to their country of origin. As a consequence of shortages in the domestic labour market, Poland has also begun to look for strategies to attract foreign labour to the country. The inflow of a growing number of foreigners to Poland will result in initiatives promoting the integration of migrants into the host society. As integration is a two-way process, it is also important to address the need for greater awareness and recognition of the positive impact migrants have on Poland.
The aim of IOM's migration health activities is to manage the health consequences of migration for the benefit of migrants as well as host communities. IOM, together with its partners, will continue to support efforts to reduce irregular migration and combat trafficking in human beings as well as the exploitation of migrants.
Migration health is an important issue not only for migrant groups. It is also strictly connected with public health issues. The aim of IOM's migration health activities is to manage the health consequences of migration for the benefits of migrants as well as for the hosting communities – both on local as well as European level. Ensuring access to public health systems and increasing physical safety will benefit society as a whole.
The IOM project co-funded under the European Commission's Public Health Programme 2006 aims to increase the public health safety of all EU member states and help provide appropriate healthcare to migrants entering the European Union border area. It is implemented in Poland, Slovakia and Hungary.
IOM also seeks to improve the quality and efficiency of medical services provided to asylum seekers in Poland. Within the frame of the educational campaign, IOM Warsaw will conduct health related workshops for asylum seekers and intercultural training for health care professionals working with migrants. It will facilitate communication between healthcare providers and migrant patients in order to overcome existing barriers preventing adequate medical treatment.
- Increasing Public Health Safety Alongside the New Eastern European Border Line
- Campaign to Improve Medical Services for Asylum Seekers in Poland
Within the framework of counter-trafficking prevention, IOM Warsaw with its partners has launched a mobile exhibition “Trafficking Has No Limits” and organized a roundtable for journalists. The aim of the project was to empower general society and media by providing reliable and adequate information about different forms of trafficking in human beings, its danger and consequences, and to establish an effective network of contacts.
Within the scope of the Assisted Voluntary Return projects, IOM Warsaw provides return assistance to irregular migrants and unsuccessful asylum seekers in Poland. Special attention is given to the needs of vulnerable migrants. Returnees may also benefit from reintegration assistance in the country of origin.
- Mobile Exhibition "Trafficking Has No Limits"
- Assisted Voluntary Returns from Poland
- Enhancing Mechanism and Harmonizing Standards in the Field of Voluntary Return of Irregular Migrants in EU Central European States
- Separated Asylum Seeking Children in EU Members States: An Examination of Living Conditions, Provisions and Decisions
- Government of Poland through European Integration Fund
- European Refugee Fund
More and more migrants are coming to Poland each year. Therefore one of the most important issues is to facilitate integration of migrants into the Polish society. IOM will seek to promote migrants' active participation in the civil society. In line with this IOM will build the capacity of migrants' associations to enable them to get actively involved in the civic dialogue. It will further aim to enhance multicultural dialogue and establish a platform of cooperation between migrants' associations and different Polish institutions.
IOM also aims to strengthen the two-way integration process of third country nationals newly arrived in Poland and the better understanding and acceptance of the host society towards migrants and migration, particularly in schools.
The IOM Warsaw project aims to raise awareness of the situation of migrants in the school environment in selected Warsaw schools as well as to enhance awareness and empathy towards migrants' “problems” among school children and promoting open and non-discriminatory attitudes towards other cultures.
- Active and Competent. Migrants in Civic Society
- Intercultural School in a Multicultural City
- Not Just Numbers. Teaching Toolkit on Migration and Asylum in the European Union
Research projects are developed and implemented by the Central European Forum for Migration and Population Research.
Main text: April 2009
Facts and figures: May 2012