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Widespread poverty and lack of job opportunities has caused many Moldovans to look for employment overseas. In addition, the high number of irregular migrants has allowed criminal organizations to exploit an already vulnerable group. Moldova has, by far, the greatest number of victims of trafficking in the region. The government is trying to improve migration management through enhancing the development impact of migration, ensuring protection of migrants' rights and combating trafficking in persons.

IOM is enhancing coordinated regional cooperation on migration in order to further develop common migration standards and mechanisms, and to share best practices to prevent irregular migratory flows and combat criminal activities, such as trafficking and smuggling of human beings.

IOM works in partnership with the Moldovan government, international intergovernmental organizations as well as local NGOs on all aspects of migration, including developing capacities to manage migration flows, developing international cooperation, leveraging migration for development, better protecting the migrants’ rights, providing guidance on migration legislation, improving migration management and border management and combating trafficking in human beings.

Population (2015):4.1 million
Area:33,845 km sq
Languages :Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Currency:Moldovan Leu (MDL)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 4,983
HDI Rank (2014):107 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 1,981 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-0.7 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):3.5%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):64.6%
Population under 15 (2015):15.7%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):0.60%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
IOM Chisinau
36/1 Ciuflea str., MD 2001
Republic of Moldova

Tel: +373.2 223 29 40, +373.2 223 47 01
Fax: +373.2 223 28 62
Email: iomchisinau@iom.int
Website: http://www.iom.md/