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Slovakia remains primarily a country of transit for migrants from Eastern Europe and Asia. Although the number of foreign nationals legally residing in the Slovak Republic has been growing in recent years, regarding the proportion of migrants within the population, out of all EU Slovakia belongs to countries with the lowest pwercentage of foreigners (1.56 per cent).  

In 2011 the Slovak Government adopted the migration policy of the Slovak Republic with the perspective until the year 2020; in 2014, the Integration Policy of the Slovak Republic, and in 2015 the National Strategy for Human Rights Protection and Promotion in the Slovak Republic.

IOM has been active in Slovakia since 1996 by continuously implementing various projects and activities in the areas of migrant integration, assisted voluntary returns, prevention of trafficking in human beings and assistance to trafficked persons, resettlement of refugees and coordination of the European Migration Network activities.

IOM implements various types of activities within these areas, including provision of services to migrants, research, information campaigns, education and capacity building of key actors as well as increasing public awareness about migration issues.

Movement, Emergency and Post-crisis Migration Management


  • Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic
  • European Union, from the European Asylum and Migration Fund (AMIF)
  • US Government through its United States Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP) or similar programs of other resettlement countries
  • US Department of State
  • US Department of Health and Human Services

Since 1998, IOM Slovakia has been implementing Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme (AVRR) based on the Agreement on Cooperation between the IOM and the Ministry of Interior of the SR. Within the programme, IOM carries out ongoing information campaign on AVRR to raise migrant population’s and key actors’ awareness on services provided to foreigners who do not have a residence permit, or who cannot or do not wish to stay in Slovakia and wish to return from here to their country of origin. IOM provides them with return counselling, programme registration, assistance with obtaining travel documents and basic needs before departure, return assistance and assistance upon arrival as well as reintegration assistance in the country of origin. The assistance is tailored to the needs of each returnee.

Learn more: IOM AVRR Programme in Slovakia

IOM Slovakia has been working in the area of counter-trafficking issue since 2003. In cooperation with government institutions, embassies, non-governmental and international organizations, IOM Slovakia carries out different preventive, educational and informative activities and since 2006 it has been providing victims of trafficking with complex assistance concerning their return (until 2014 also their reintegration). The main IOM activities in this area include helping the trafficked persons prior to and during their safe return to the country of origin, education and strengthening the capacity of government experts and helping organisations in prevention, victim identification, and provision of comprehensive care to the victims of trafficking, and information campaigns, presentations and counselling to raise potential victims awareness on the threat of trafficking.

Based on the trilateral treaty between the Government of the Slovak Republic, UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and IOM about the humanitarian transfer of refugees in need of international protection (since 2009), the Slovak Republic provides a temporary shelter to refugees who are to be transferred from refugee camps to a new country. IOM is responsible for the transportation of refugees from a refugee camp to the Slovak Republic and from the Slovak Republic to the final country of resettlement. IOM further provides services related to resettlement – security interviews, cultural orientation and/or language training, medical examinations for the purpose of resettlement, series of vaccinations and exit medical examinations prior to departure to the country of resettlement.


  • Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme
  • Assisted Voluntary Returns of the Victims of Trafficking in Human Beigns to the Country of Origin
  • Humanitarian Transfer of Refugees and Persons of Concern to UNHCR through the Slovak Republic

Facilitating Migration


  • Ministry of Interior of the Slovak Republic
  • European Union, from the European Asylum and Migration Fund (AMIF)

In order to facilitate social cohesion and enhance integration of foreigners both into the society and Slovak labour market, the scope od IOM Slovakia activities have included operating of the Migration Information Center which provides comprehensive integration services, capacity building of professionals in the field of migration, and various research, events, joint meetings of native citizens and foreign nationals, information campaigns, documentary film production to raise public awareness on migration and migrants in Slovakia and to remove barriers between native citizens and foreign nationals.

IOM‘s key program in the field of integration of migrants in Slovakia is the IOM Migration Information Centre (MIC) which is the first and unique information centre in Slovakia that provides comprehensive services to foreigners in Slovakia at one place. MIC services include legal, social and vocational counselling including job seeking assistance, support of foreign nationals in obtaining education and increasing their qualifications or retraining, organising open Slovak language courses alongside with courses of socio-cultural orientation with information on various aspects of life in Slovakia, and support of community life of migrants.

Learn more: IOM Migration Information Centre in Slovakia

In the field of capacity building, IOM carried out a training programme for employees of the state administration, local authorities and non-governmental organizations providing services to third country nationals in Slovakia. From 2010 until 2015, 515 professionals from all around Slovakia attended this training programme. The participants gained skills in intercultural communication and knowledge in the field of migration and migrant integration that can be used in their work with migrants as well as in the cooperation among their institutions.


  • Migration Information Centre to Support Integration of Migrants in Slovakia
  • Enhancing Intercultural Competencies and Regional Cooperation of Professionals working with Migrants in the Slovak Republic

Migration Policy and Research

IOM Slovakia acts as the coordinator of the National Contact Point of the European Migration Network (EMN) for the Slovak Republic since 2009. EMN provides up-to-date, objective, reliable and comparable information on migration and international protection to support policymaking in the EU and its Member States. EMN prepares studies and annual reports, exchanges specific information through the system of ad-hoc queries, organises different meetings as well as builds networks of contacts. EMN is steered by the European Commission in cooperation with National Contact Points for all EU Member States and Norway.

Learn more: EMN websites – www.emn.sk, www.ec.europa.eu/emn


  • European Migration Network – National Contact Point for the Slovak Republic


Last updated:
Main text: February 2016
Facts and figures: February 2016

Population (2015):5.4 million [1]
Area:49,033 km sq
Languages :Slovak
Currency:Euro (EUR)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 27,711 [2]
HDI Rank (2014):35 of 188 [3]
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 2,395 million [4]
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):0.2 migrants/1,000 population [5]
Immigrants (2015):3.3% [6]
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):52.8% [7]
Population under 15 (2015):15.2% [8]
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):<0.1% [9]

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Grösslingová 35
811 09 Bratislava

Tel: +421.2 526 3 1598
Fax: +421.2 526 3 0093
Email: bratislavainfo@iom.int
Website: http://www.iom.sk

Other websites of IOM Slovakia: