Regarding trafficking in human beings, Slovenia is a transit country and also a country of destination for men, women and children trafficked for purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labour. The main countries of origin of identified victims of human trafficking are: Romania, Ukraine, Serbia, Slovenia, Dominican Republic, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, the FYROM and Bulgaria. Ninety-six per cent of all identified victims of trafficking were exploited for sexual purposes. Ethnic Roma are also particularly vulnerable to human trafficking in Slovenia. A detailed national action plan (2017–2018) to combat trafficking in human beings is in force and the country is making significant efforts to prevent the trafficking in human beings and to provide assistance and protection of victims.
The IOM office in Slovenia operates under the Agreement on Cooperation between the Government of the Republic of Slovenia and the International Organization for Migration signed in Ljubljana on 19 December 2001. Activities of the office cover different areas of intervention, such as assisted voluntary returns including reintegration in the countries of origin, facilitating family reunification, research initiatives, projects supporting labour market integration of beneficiaries of international protection and strengthening access to quality health care services.
IOM has in the period 2016 – 2018 assisted the Slovenian government in the implementation of the EU relocation scheme. In 2018, it has also started a resettlement program in partnership with the governments of Turkey and Slovenia and the UNHCR, through which the first group of Syrian refugees arrived to Slovenia in July 2018, whilst a second group is expected to be resettled in the second half of the year.
IOM Slovenia: Summary of Projects
Project: Family Reunification
IOM assists in family reunification procedures for beneficiaries of international protection in Slovenia by providing pre-departure information, help with obtaining travel documents and comprehensive movement logistics in coordination with the authorities and other IOM country offices. If needed, IOM can also help the family members with arranging accommodation during travel, local transport, medical checks before departure, escorts for children so they travel safely and with necessary support as well as escorts for persons in need of medical or other special assistance during travel.
Project: MIG-H Training Project
Duration: 15 months (December 2017 – February 2019)
Donor: European Commission's Consumers, Health, Agriculture and Food Executive Agency (CHAFEA)
This regional programme focused on the development of advanced specific training modules on communicable diseases and mental health for health professionals and law enforcement officers has the overall objective of assisting frontline staff to develop key competences, which can support them in providing more appropriate health care services to migrants and refugees.
Project: Slovenian Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration Programme
Duration: 25 months (November 2016 – December 2018)
Donor: Slovenian Ministry of the Interior and the EU Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF)
In line with other IOM AVRR programmes globally, the Slovenian programme has been implemented since 2009 and features the organization of voluntary return and reintegration for persons wishing to return home, including all of the operational and logistical considerations of the return and the option of additional in-kind reintegration support.
Project: Refugee Resettlement
Duration: 6 months (April 2018 – October 2018)
Donor: Slovenian Government, AMIF
Resettlement is a symbol of international solidarity to find a durable solution for refugees who are unable to return to their country of origin for fear of continued persecution and do not have the option to stay in their country of asylum. IOM provides the following resettlement services upon the request of governments: case processing; health assessments and travel health assistance; pre-departure orientation/integration and movement and travel operations.
The Slovenian resettlement programme for Syrian refugees in Turkey was initiated in April 2018 and is conducted in close partnership between the Governments of Slovenia and Turkey, the UNHCR and the IOM. The first group of refugees was resettled to Slovenia in July 2018.
Project: Re-Health2 – Implementation of the Personal Health Record as a Tool for Integration of Refugees in EU health systems
Duration: 16 months (July 2017 – October 2018)
Donor: European Commission’s Directorate General for Health and Food Safety (SANTE)
The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the integration of newly-arrived migrants and refugees, including those to be relocated, in the EU Member States’ health systems by identifying health needs and trends and fostering continuity of care within and between countries through the utilization of the Personal Health Records. In Slovenia, the Re-health2 project is implemented in close cooperation with the Slovenian National Institute for Public Health and the Government Office for the Support and Integration of Migrants.
Read more about the activities of IOM Slovenia on the country office's website.