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Every year, tens of thousands of migrants and refugees make the hazardous journey from their place of origin in South-Central Somalia and Ethiopia through the north-eastern region of Somalia, Puntland, and onwards across the Gulf of Aden for both economic and security related reasons. Many die during the journey, while others are subjected to abuse and injury at the hands of unscrupulous smugglers.
Despite the inherent dangers, the number of persons attempting to cross from Puntland to Yemen is still high and continues. In 2013, there was a 30 per cent decrease (65,219) in the numbers as compared to 2012 which recorded an all-time high of 107,532.  Ethiopians continue to be the majority accounting for 85 per cent of the flows to Yemen while Somalis make up the rest. From the region, the main groups on the move are Somalis, Ethiopians, Yemenis (to Saudi Arabia only) and Eritrea. In addition, Somalia's 3,300-km coastline is one of the longest in Africa and considered as one of the world's most dangerous stretches of water because of piracy. Piracy and smuggling in Somalia are a lucrative, multifaceted business, centred on drugs, weapons, and other contraband goods, as well as human smuggling across the Gulf of Aden or further south.
In order to reduce the negative impact of irregular migration and also to facilitate transition of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees towards durable solution, IOM is providing services and support for Migrants and Mobile Populations (MMPs) with special focus on women, youth and host communities. Different projects such as raising awareness on safe migration, providing sustainable alternative livelihoods and employment opportunities have been implemented for this purpose in all three zones; Somaliland, Puntland and South Central Somalia. 

IOM is enhancing the government's border management capacities and further investigating the occurrence of human trafficking in the region. This is done by collaborating and working closely with immigration officials on the ground including building their capacities to enable them to detect, investigate, report and prosecute the offenders. Awareness-raising is also being conducted for the general public to sensitize them on the realities of human trafficking.

In addition, IOM through its Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) projects is providing access to safe and high quality water through appropriate, newly available technology as well as through the use of Private Public Partnership (PPP). IOM is also providing access to basic health care services and ensuring the protection of MMPs by using innovative approaches such as the use of solar lanterns within IDP settlements as a way to respond to Gender Based Violence (GBV). Through collaboration with UN, international and local partners IOM implements GBV projects on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), rape, domestic violence, forced marriages through awareness-raising among the IDPs and host communities, provision of psychosocial support, referral of GBV cases for medical support and access to justice for the survivors.

IOM is also involved in skills transfer of Somali diaspora experts who are placed in local institutions to train and enhance the capacity of local authorities.

Population (2015):10.8 million
Area:637,657 km sq
Languages :Somali, Arabic
Currency:Somali shilling (SOS)
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-3.4 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):0.2%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):45.6%
Population under 15 (2015):46.7%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):0.50%

Mogadishu (Head Office)

Adan Abdulle International Airport (AAIA) area, Mogadishu, Somalia.


Nairobi (Support Office)

c/o Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Somalia Premises.

Ngecha Road Campus. (corner of Lower Kabete Road), Nairobi, Kenya

Tel: +254 20 2926000

Current Vacancies in IOM Somalia

Position Grade Closing Date
National Procurement Logistics Officer (Somalia) NOA 21 February 2019
Consultant - Project Evaluation Consultant, CON-C 20 February 2019
Senior Program Assistant G7 19 February 2019
Procurement and Logistics Assistant G5 19 February 2019
National Procurement Logistics Officer (Kenya) NOA 19 February 2019