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According to the 2016 Humanitarian Needs Overview, inside Syria, there are:

  • 13.5 million people in need
  • 6.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs)
  • 1.3 million people hosting IDPs

Additionally, neighbouring countries have taken in 4.7 million Syrian refugees. In the region, there are:

  • 2.7 million in Turkey (as of 3 March 2016)
  • 1.07 million in Lebanon (as of 31 January 2016)
  • 639,704 in Jordan (as of 3 March 2016)
  • 246,051 in Iraq (as of 29 February 2016)
  • 118,512 in Egypt (as of 31 January 2016)

All figures are based on the most recent updates provided by UNHCR, available here.


Five years into the armed conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic, 13.5 million persons are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, including 6.5 million internally displaced (IDPs). In addition, 4.2 million Syrians have taken refuge in the five neighbouring countries Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. IOM and humanitarian partners are continuing their services to meet the challenges posed by this protracted crisis, with a particular emphasis on protection, provision of life-saving assistance, as well as early recovery and resilience of affected populations and host communities inside Syria and in the region.

The adoption in July 2014 of the UN Security Council Resolution 2165 - renewed on 17 December 2014 for 12 months (UNSCR 2191) - allowing the UN to deliver humanitarian goods from across borders has opened a new window of opportunity to reach populations in need of assistance who cannot be assisted from Damascus. At the same time, the advances made by the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) in Iraq and Syria have increased the severity of the crisis, restricting humanitarian access to some areas, while adding complex regional dynamics to the Syria crisis.

IOM launched an internal strategic Whole-of-Syria planning and programming process in 2014 to allow the organization to utilize either regular programming/cross-line (from Damascus) or cross-border (from neighbouring countries) to be able to respond to sudden displacement and unmet urgent humanitarian needs inside Syria.

As of March 2016, 233 IOM international and national staff currently work on the Whole-of-Syria operations in Syria and in the two hubs in Jordan and Turkey for cross-border activities. Inside Syria IOM has its main office in Damascus and four sub-offices in Aleppo, Al-Hasakeh, Homs, and Tartous. IOM activities take place in all fourteen governorates in Syria.

Population (2015):18.5 million
Area:185,180 km sq
Languages :Arabic
Currency:Syrian Pound (SYP)
HDI Rank (2014):134 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 1,623 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):9.5 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):4.7%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):48.9%
Population under 15 (2015):37.1%

International Organizaition for Migration (IOM)
Syrian Arab Republic

For further information, please contact the IOM Syria Crisis Coordination team at scc@iom.int or +41 22 717 9946.