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IOM in Turkey

Historically, Turkey has been a country of origin, transit and destination for migrants and was a crossroads between Europe and Asia. Recent regional events have contributed to Turkey increasingly becoming a major destination and transit country for those fleeing conflict, poverty, and disasters.

Turkey hosts one of the largest migrant and refugee populations in the world.  At the end of 2015, over 2.5 million people sought temporary protection or asylum within Turkey’s borders – primarily Syrians, Iraqis or Afghanis. 
During the summer of 2015, Turkey was at the center of one of the largest migrations of people since the Second World War. The increased number of migrants and refugees leads to additional challenges for migration management strategies, humanitarian assistance and migrant protection and assistance. Governments, humanitarian organizations and intergovernmental institutions are working together to develop comprehensive policies and actions in order to sustainably manage migration. 

As the leading intergovernmental migration organization, IOM provides support and assistance to the Turkish Government to establish an effective, comprehensive and human-rights based approach to Turkey’s migration challenges. For over two decades, IOM has played a critical role in Turkey:

  • to build capacity on migration management and policies, 
  • advance migrants’ rights and,
  • to provide assistance directly and with the coordination of our
  • implementing partners to refugees and victims of human trafficking.
  • to assist vulnerable migrants, 
  • to prepare and respond to emergencies, 
  • to provide technical expertise and build capacity on immigration,
  • border management, labour migration and human development.  
  • to facilitate refugee resettlements to third countries.

IOM began it operations in Turkey during the aftermath of the first Gulf War in 1991. Their partnership was formalized in November 2004 when the Republic of Turkey was granted member status to IOM.  

Fore more information, visit the IOM Turkey website.


Last updated: June 2016
Facts and Figures: February 2016

Population (2015):78.7 million
Area:779,452 km sq
Languages :Turkish
Currency:Turkish Lira (TRY)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 19,250
HDI Rank (2014):72 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 1,128 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-1 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):3.8%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):48.9%
Population under 15 (2015):25.7%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Birlik Mahallesi 2
Cadde No:11- Yildiz
06610 Ankara

Tel: +90.3 124 54 11 44
Fax: +90.3 124 96 14 95
Email: ankmission@iom.int