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Considering that the area of Turkmenistan is affected on a regular basis by different types of disasters such as earthquakes, mudslides, flooding, salinity, hot winds which all have a devastating effect on the livelihoods of vulnerable people, a number of IOM projects aim at providing vulnerable rural populations of Turkmenistan with increased awareness and preventive capacity towards natural disasters and disaster risk reduction.

Two pilot projects included disaster awareness activities based on active involvement of local communities in the disaster-prone areas for better preparedness for potential disasters. To achieve this goal, activists from a number of local communities attended training for trainers on disaster preparedness and in turn trained a broader audience at the disaster preparedness centers established in their communities. Additionally, educational materials were developed for presenting at schools in disaster-prone areas. Meetings and dialogues were organized on the subject of risk reduction with all stakeholders and disaster response plans were developed with the allocation of responsibilities of each entity involved.

Standardized Training Modules and a Handbook on Mitigation Works were developed, approved and introduced for the representatives of different focus groups, particularly from a number of local authorities and rural population.

Movement, Emergency and Post-crisis Migration Management


  • Preparing Assistance to Vulnerable Populations in the Areas of Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan Affected by Natural Disasters – DIPECHO IV (2007–2008)
  • Capacity Building of Local Authorities and Communities in the Areas of Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan Affected by Natural Disasters – DIPECHO V (2008–2009)

Regulating Migration

In order to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings, the President of Turkmenistan declared the need to draft new legislation and harmonize existing national legislation to combat trafficking in persons.

In November 2007, IOM organized a legal drafting workshop aimed at helping Turkmen lawmakers to write a law that would mark a milestone in anti-Trafficking in Persons. The workshop gathered the entire parliamentary working group on this law along with other key stakeholders in the Turkmen government. On 14 December 2007, Turkmenistan passed the Law of Turkmenistan on Combating Trafficking in Persons. With this important step, the Government of Turkmenistan has acknowledged the need to support regional and international counter-trafficking efforts, and has expressed its readiness to cooperate with international actors involved in counter-trafficking.

The implementation of these projects is an important effort to assist the Turkmen authorities to create an effective legislation and mechanism to combat trafficking in human beings by building the capacity of law enforcement and prosecution authorities as well as improving national protection of victims of trafficking through the capacity building of local NGOs. These projects should be considered as elements of the overall IOM counter-trafficking efforts in the region. IOM’s programmatic approach intends to address three integrated, interrelated aspects of this phenomenon – prevention, protection and prosecution – and consequently contribute to the efforts of the national authorities to combat trafficking in human beings within the region.


  • Combating Trafficking in Persons in Turkmenistan: Prevention, Protection and Capacity Building of Local NGOs (2009–2012)
  • Combating Trafficking in Persons in Turkmenistan: Capacity Building of Law Enforcement Officers and Involved Governmental Agencies (2009–2011)


Last updated:
Main text: May 2010
Facts and figures: February 2016

Population (2015):5.4 million
Area:488,100 km sq
Currency:Turkmen Manat (TMM)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 15,474
HDI Rank (2014):109 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 30 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-0.9 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):3.7%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):53.4%
Population under 15 (2015):28.2%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Atabajeva Street 40
745000 Ashgabad

Tel: +993.12 42 08 16, +993.12 42 08 17, +993.12 42 56 90
Fax: +993.12 42 08 16
Email: [email protected]
Website: http://www.iomtkm.org/