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IOM in Tanzania

The United Republic of Tanzania’s location on Africa’s east coast and its political stability relative to its neighbours has always exposed it to a variety of migration flows – as a country of origin, transit and destination.

Border movement is significant, with eight neighbouring countries to the north, west and south and a long coastline to the east with several natural harbours. Migration to, within and from the country produces a complex and ever changing picture. The trend has been dominated by large movements of migrants from rural to urban areas, large movement of refugees to Northwest Tanzania from neighbouring countries, international labour migration and irregular migration.

Tanzania is designated as one of the eight pilot countries for the United Nations’ “Delivering as One” reform program. The “Delivering as One” reform involves streamlining programs, focusing on areas where the UN can have an impact, reducing duplication of effort and making more effective use of human and financial resources. As other pilot countries, UN Tanzania is continuously testing new working methods and tools. IOM operates within the United Nations Development Assistance Plan (UNDAP), a single plan for all UN funds, programmes and agencies in Tanzania.

For more information, visit the IOM Tanzania website.


Last updated:
Main text: July 2016
Facts and figures: February 2016

Population (2015):53.5 million
Area:945,087 km sq
Languages :English, Swahili
Currency:Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 2,591
HDI Rank (2014):151 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 64 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-0.7 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):0.5%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):50.1%
Population under 15 (2015):45.2%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):5.30%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Slipway Road
Plot No. 1365
P.O. Box 9270
Dar es Salaam

Tel: +25.52 22 60 29 13, +25.52 22 60 29 35
Fax: +25.52 22 60 27 82
Email: iomdar@iom.int
Website: http://tanzania.iom.int/