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Viet Nam's rapid economic development is fuelling large migration flows from rural to urban and peri-urban areas where employment opportunities are increasingly more available. According to some government offices, an estimated 25 to 30 per cent of Viet Nam's largest cities consist of migrants. With regard to international migration, some three million Vietnamese live abroad with another 450,000 residing abroad as temporary workers.

Remittances from overseas migrants and migrant workers continue to play an important role in the country's development, as do remittances from internal migrants. As one of its strategies to combat poverty, the government organises overseas employment, but many labour migrants find it difficult to earn enough money due to the excessive pre-departure costs. Human trafficking has been closely associated with people seeking better employment opportunities and government agencies are placing increasing priority on combating unsafe migration and on counter trafficking.

Population (2015):93.4 million
Area:331,212 km sq
Languages :Vietnamese
Currency:Dong (VND)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):USD 5,629
HDI Rank (2014):116 of 188
Remittances (2014):USD 12,000 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-0.4 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):0.1%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):42.1%
Population under 15 (2015):23.1%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014)0.50%

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Green One-UN House
4th Floor, 304 Kim Ma Street
District Ba Dinh
Hanoi, Viet Nam

Tel: +84 (0) 4 38 500 100
  +84 (0) 4 38 501 888
Fax: +84 (0) 4 37 265 519
  +84 (0) 4 37 265 520
Email: hanoi@iom.int
Website: http://www.iom.int.vn/