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IOM started operating in Yemen in 1994 when the organization assisted in evacuating migrants from Aden stranded during the civil war. The government of Yemen has been a member state of IOM since 1999 and a first status agreement with the government was signed in 2001. IOM has worked closely with the Ministry of Expatriate Affairs on Yemeni migrant communities abroad and/or returning to Yemen; it continues providing transportation assistance to migrants stranded in Yemen and victims of trafficking in conjunction with Immigration authorities. In 2006, counter trafficking technical assistance was provided in Haradh in coordination with UNICEF to build the capacity of shelters for Yemeni minors. In 2007, an IOM Office was established in Sana’a to work more closely in assisting stranded migrants.  The 2001 status agreement was further ratified by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) in 2013.

In addition to the mission in Sana’a, two IOM sub IOM-offices operate in Aden and Hodeidah (the latter was moved from Haradh in 2015 because of the conflict). There are three IOM Migrant Response Points - in Aden, Bab Al Mandeb, and Hodeidah - to address the immediate needs of vulnerable migrants. IOM field teams operate and have local presence in 15 governorates.   

Migrant Assistance and Protection


  • European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO)
  • IOM Development Fund
  • Government of the Federal Republic of Germany (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
  • UK Department for International Development (DFID)
  • US Department of State, Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM)

In 2016, the UN estimated that over 107,000 migrants and refugees came from the Horn of Africa to Yemen, despite wide scale conflict.  Most migrants hoped to reach a Gulf country; however, increasing numbers saw Yemen as a potential destination country as well.

Population (2015):26.8 million
Area:536,869 km sq
Languages :Arabic
Currency:Yemeni Riyal (YER)
GDP per Capita PPP (2014):not available
HDI Rank (2014):160 of 188
Remittances (2014 estimate):USD 3,455 million
Net Migration Rate (2015-2020):-1.4 migrants/1,000 population
Immigrants (2015):1.3%
Women as a Percentage of Immigrants (2015):47.6%
Population under 15 (2015):40.3%
Adult HIV Prevalence (2014):<0.1%
Sources and Definitions

International Organization for Migration (IOM)
Haddah Post Office Area
Haddah Zone
P.O. Box 16335
Republic of Yemen

Tel: +967 1 410 568
Fax: + 967 1 412 251
Email: iomyemenmediacomm@iom.int