Durable Solutions and Resilience

Progressively Resolving Displacement Situations

In 2016, IOM adopted a new framework – the Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) Framework – which aims to guide IOM and inform its partners to frame and navigate the complexity of forced migration dynamics and support efforts to progressively resolve displacement situations. The PRDS Framework promotes an inclusive, resilience-based approach and embraces mobility strategies that support progression towards resolving displacement, while ensuring safety nets are in place to avoid potentially harmful mobility strategies. While IOM supports traditional durable solutions approaches, including voluntary return and reintegration, local integration and resettlement / settlement elsewhere,  as they apply to refugees and IDPs, IOM recognizes the impacts of crisis and displacement on other populations, including other migrants and affected communities and the challenges to achieving definitive solutions.  

Supporting livelihoods has long been a core component of IOM’s work in seeking solutions to displacement and element of fostering resilience across all phases of crisis response. IOM, together with humanitarian, development and private sector partners, promotes self-reliance approaches including a wide range of support tailored to individuals, households and communities, in particular to mitigate the detrimental impacts of prolonged displacement situations and associated risks of aid dependency, and re-build skills, assets and networks and revitalize local economies towards interim or longer term solutions. Sustainable income generation through livelihoods and employment empower individuals and households, and reduce aid dependency and exposure to negative coping strategies, contributing to broader economic recovery. 

For more information on IOM’s Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations Framework, please see: https://www.iom.int/progressive-resolution-displacement-situations

Early Recovery

Early recovery encompasses specific initiatives developed in the framework of the Early Recovery Cluster of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and which are typically embedded within broader inter-agency Humanitarian Response Plans (HRP). These initiatives are designed to address transitional and recovery needs arising during the humanitarian phase of crisis, by using humanitarian mechanisms that align with development principles. Specifically, this enables migrants, other displaced people and affected communities to leverage the benefits of humanitarian action to seize early development opportunities and build resilience, and establishes a sustainable pathway from crisis to recovery. In supporting early recovery, IOM’s activities typically focus on social cohesion and governance; livelihoods and self-reliance; cash-for work and debris management; basic infrastructure and services restoration and capacity-building.