Over 82 million international migrants lived in Europe in 2019, an increase of nearly 10 per cent since 2015, when 75 million international migrants resided in the region. A little over half of these (42 million) were born in Europe but were living elsewhere in the region; while this number has only moderately increased since 2015, it was much lower in 1990, at around 28 million. From 2015 to 2019, the population of non-European migrants in Europe increased from a little over 35 million to around 38 million.
Migratory movements in Central Asia occur in large part out of the subregion, and most noticeably northward to the Russian Federation. In 2019, for example, there were just under 5 million migrants born in Central Asia who were living in the Russian Federation. People from Central Asia also migrate to other parts of Europe and China, where work and family ties are relatively strong. Central Asia is home to millions of international migrants, mainly from within the subregion, but also from further afield. Migrants primarily originate from countries of the former Soviet Union, many of which are current members of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
- European Economic Area, the European Union and NATO
IOM Regional Office for the European Economic Area, the European Union and NATO
Rue Montoyer 40, 1000 Brussels
- South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
IOM Regional Office for South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Dampfschiffstrasse 4 / 10-11