Following the recent emigration pattern related to skilled and highly skilled migration, consolidating the ties with the Algerian community abroad and finding new policies and instruments that will allow its involvement in the socio-economic development of the country is one of the priorities expressed by the Government, as well as addressing the needs and protecting the rights of the Algerian community abroad.
As a country of transit, due to its geographical situation, but also progressively one of destination, Algeria is confronted with social and economic issues resulting from the influx of irregular migrants. Algeria supports international cooperation on migration and development and promotes a common regional approach on migration issues and management by actively participating in dialogue initiatives both in Africa and Mediterranean countries. Within this framework, IOM aims at supporting the efforts of the government through technical cooperation and migration and development activities.
The following are projects planned by IOM:
In Algeria, where HIV prevalence is low, mobility is considered a determining factor for the epidemic. Therefore, the government has identified migrants as priority at-risk populations in the fight against HIV/AIDS. In this context, IOM is planning to work with the Ministry of Health to support the implementation of Algeria’s National Strategic Plan against sexually transmitted infections/HIV/AIDS and facilitate improved access to healthcare, including HIV prevention, care, treatment, and support services, among migrant populations in Algeria. This project seeks to (i) strengthen the capacity of health-care providers to give quality and culturally sensitive health services, including HIV services, to migrants; as well as to (ii) enhance outreach, health promotion information and referrals through the establishment of a network of community health workers.
Migration and Development
Poor economic conditions and the lack of employment opportunities cause certain rural regions in Algeria to continually experience high levels of emigration in the form of both internal rural-to-urban migration and, in some cases, irregular migration to international destinations. The phenomenon is particularly prevalent among the youth, and it serves to exacerbate the economic decline of these regions as the population base and labour force diminish. To reverse this trend, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development is engaged in a strategy for the sustainable economic development of rural regions through projects that provide employment opportunities and improve land management strategies for sustainable and economically viable agricultural projects. IOM is planning to work with the Algerian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development to improve economic and employment opportunities in the Wilayas of Khenchela and Souk-Ahras by improving agricultural infrastructure and building the capacity of the local community to engage in productive and sustainable agricultural practices.
Main text: November 2013
Facts and figures: Feburary 2016