Governments hold the primary responsibility to respond to the mobility dimensions of crises and play a paramount role in strengthening the humanitarian, development and peace nexus.
In this regard, IOM supports whole-of-government responses to crises by assisting national and local authorities, upon their request, to prepare for, respond to and recover from humanitarian crises.
In line with its humanitarian principles, the Organization offers States a range of services including advice and consultation, technical cooperation, capacity-building and the delivery of assistance to populations in need.
In 2018, for example, IOM provided camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) training in 28 countries, benefiting camp managers, other on-site support staff and personnel with administrative and policy support.
The Organization also provided technical expertise and assistance on land, property and reparations issues, working closely with government bodies and communities in nine countries including Colombia, Liberia, Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Turkey.
IOM supported the efforts of nine countries to bolster their preparedness for potential large-scale disasters and displacement situations by providing contingency planning and organised preparedness workshops – such as in Nepal where IOM conducted simulation trainings for first responders.
IOM also works on behalf of governments to process and manage resettlement cases. In 2018, IOM supported 30 states in conducting resettlement, humanitarian admissions, and relocation for a total of 94,992 refugees and other vulnerable persons, with significant operations out of Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Uganda, Afghanistan, Ethiopia, the United Republic of Tanzania, Kenya, Sudan, Iraq and Ukraine. The Emerging Resettlement Countries Joint Support Mechanism (ERCM), jointly managed with UNHCR, helped establish or strengthen resettlement activities in South America.