IOM’s activities relating to emergency and post-emergency operations assistance focus on four phases of emergency intervention: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Programme activities cover emergency relief, return, reintegration, capacity-building and protection of the rights of affected populations. In particular, IOM engages in programmes that support the return and reintegration of former combatants into civilian life as an essential part of the transition from conflict to peace, while also helping to strengthen government capacity. Where applicable, health and psychosocial support components are integrated into the multisector response activities. IOM programmes in the post-emergency phase bridge the gap between relief and development by empowering communities to assist in the reconstruction and rehabilitation of affected areas as one of the ways to prevent forced migration.
As part of its work in complex emergencies and efforts to promote disaster preparedness and response, IOM continues to build trust and cooperation with partners by sharing information and conducting simulation exercises at the national and regional levels while developing effective response capabilities.
Through the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC), IOM supports “collaborative responses” conducted in close cooperation with the United Nations system and other organizations and with due respect for individual mandates and expertise. Its participation in the United Nations Consolidated Appeals Process, its lead role under the cluster approach in camp coordination and camp management in natural disasters, and the fact that it is a key partner in emergency shelter, logistics, health, protection and early recovery ensure that its activities are well coordinated.