The Migration Policy Institute (MPI) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific publish an issue brief series focusing in particular on labour migration in the region. The IOM-MPI Issue in Brief series also examines issues such as diaspora engagement in Asia and climate-induced migration.

IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 15 - Shortage Amid Surplus: Emigration and Human Capital Development in the Philippines

The Philippines has the most sophisticated labour-exporting model in the world; 1.8 million temporary workers were deployed in 2014 alone. While Filipino migrant workers contribute significantly to the national economy with the remittances they send home, this reliance on exporting labour raises an important question: Has the nation’s focus on preparing workers to leave compromised human capital development at home?

In ‘Shortage Amid Surplus: Emigration and Human Capital Development in the Philippines’, author Dovelyn Rannveig Mendoza reviews the impacts of the Philippines’ successful labour export policy on skills development and human capital growth within the country. Following an overview of key migration trends and domestic labour conditions, the author provides some recommendations on workable solutions to build the local talent pool.

IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 14 – Promoting the Health of Left-Behind Children of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence for Policy and Action

Despite the political discourse on migration becoming an important issue in the global development agenda, the mental and physical health implications for left-behind children of migrant workers have received less attention. The current evidence base on the health impacts of labour migration, both for migrants and their families, also remains weak. The health impact on families left behind is especially salient for the majority of labour-sending nations that may lack adequate resources to respond to broad public health outcomes linked to increased migration and its cascading reverse impact.

In ‘Promoting the Health of Left-behind Children of Asian Labour Migrants: Evidence for Policy and Action’, authors Kolitha Wickramage, Chesmal Siriwardhana and Sharika Peiris explore empirical evidence on the mental health and nutritional impacts of international labour migration on the left-behind children of migrant workers in Asia. To mitigate these health-related risks for left-behind children, the authors describe a possible multi-dimensional interventional framework that countries can adopt.

IOM-MPI Issue in Brief No. 13 – Irregular Maritime Migration in the Bay of Bengal: The Challenges of Protection, Management and Cooperation

As a vast region with myriad islands, peninsulas and ancient sea routes, maritime migration is part of Asia’s tradition. But it has become increasingly complex as refugees and irregular migrants move around the region by sea, challenging governments in the Asia-Pacific region to control their borders, regulate immigration and fulfil their obligations under international law.