The Migration Dialogue for West Africa or MIDWA Process was designed to encourage the ECOWAS Member States to discuss common migration issues and concerns in a regional context for which immediate solutions may not be forthcoming on a national level.
- Border management;
- Data collection;
- Labour migration;
- Irregular migration;
- Migrants' rights;
- Trafficking and smuggling; and
- Return and reintegration.
Thematic Working Groups (TWG)
(i) Border management and cross-border crime (TWG Chair: Mali)
(ii) Diaspora, West African communities and/or nationals (TWG Chair: Ivory Coast)
(iii) Professional mobility and student exchange (TWG Chair: Ghana)
(iv) Climate change, land degradation, desertification, environment and migration (TWG Chair: Burkina Faso)
(v) Migration statistics and data (TWG Chair: Nigeria)
(vi) Return, readmission and reintegration (TWG Chair: Niger)
(vii) Cooperation and partnership (TWG Chair: Senegal)
Participating States (15)
Current Chair: Liberia
- Council of Non-Governmental Organizations for Development Support (CONGAD)
- Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS)
- Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- International Organization for Migration (IOM)
- Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS)
- Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
- Organization of African Unity (OAU)
- United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
- West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
MIDWA Steering Committee
Comprises representatives of 9 Member States (Senegal, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Ghana, Nigeria, Guinea, Cabo Verde, Mauritania) and 4 Observers (European Union, the International Organization for Migration, the Swiss Government and ECOWAS)
The National Committees in charge of Migration in ECOWAS Member States have been invited by the MIDWA secretariat to provide national perspective on critical issues of regional concern. In return the MIDWA Secretariat will support national committees in discussing at the higher level issues related to migration that cannot be solve only within the national context.
The functions of the Regional Secretariat ad interim are covered by the ECOWAS Directorate of Free Movement and Tourism. Other directorates participate as needed and depending on the topic discussed. The Secretariat meets in Abuja monthly since 2017.
IOM provides support, in consultation with the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
- Ministerial and Experts Meeting, 23-25 August 2016, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire: "The Impact of Free Movement and the Challenges of Migration" – Concept Note, Press Release
- Ministerial Meeting, 25 August 2016, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire – Agenda, Final Report
- Experts Meeting, 23-24 August 2016, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire – Agenda, Final Report
- Steering Committee, 18 February 2016, Dakar, Senegal
- Ministerial Level Meeting, 9 October 2015, Nouakchott, Mauritania
- Experts Meeting “Irregular migration: challenges and solutions”, 6-8 October 2015, Nouakchott, Mauritania
- 6-8 May 2014 – Expert Meeting and Ministerial Meeting, Accra, Ghana
- July 2012, Conference focusing on internal organizational and governance matters.
- 4-6 May 2010 Accra: Protecting People on the Move in the ECOWAS Space, vol II, for Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.
- 7-9 April 2010 Ouagadougou: Protecting People on the Move in the ECOWAS Space – regional training workshop on protection of vulnerable persons in mixed migration flows for governmental and civil society representatives from Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Togo.
IOM focal point for MIDWA
Spécialiste régional urgence et post-crise
International Organization for Migration
Regional Office for West and Central Africa, Dakar, Senegal