Migration, Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience

IOM believes that reducing the risk of forced migration induced by disasters implies an ambitious agenda and strategic partnerships. To this end, the Organization has forged solid partnership with relevant actors active in disaster risk reduction but also in complementary frameworks namely disaster risk management and climate change adaptation.

UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), the custodian of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-1015, is key to this strategic objective of bringing mobility into risk reduction analyses, policies and practices. Progress has been achieved in drawing the attention of the international community to the complex relationship between human mobility and disasters.

As the negotiations for a successor instrument to the HFA (the so-called HFA 2) are currently taking place, IOM deems it essential to further articulate the correlation between risk and mobility, in terms of both associated costs and opportunities. It includes providing measurable indicators and clear policies

Background on IOM’s operational involvement in DRR

To this end, the Organization is engaged in:

In addition, IOM plays an increasingly important role in Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Coordinated Response to displacement induced by natural disasters as global cluster lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management in natural disasters. It also plays and important role in Shelter, Logistics, Health, WASH, Protection, and Early Recovery clusters. IOM is also involved in climate change adaptation through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and other related policy fora.

Key policy considerations (click to expand):

The 2013 Compendium on DRR and Resilience highlights the following Emerging issues in the areas of risk reduction and mobility (click to expand):

Integration of DRR in IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework

DRR and resilience building is fully integrated into IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) under Sector of Assistance 8 and along other key DRM sectors of assistance ranging from camp management, shelter, to transport assistance (click to expand).


Risk Reduction and Resilience Building along the crisis phases 3 key operational objectives:

  1. Prevention of forced migration including migration as a disaster risk and adaptation strategy (HFA objective 1);
  2. Preparedness for, response and mitigation measures when forced migration occurs (HFA objectives 2,3 and 4); and
  3. Addressing the longer-term consequences of forced migration (HFA objective 5).