Migration, Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience
IOM believes that reducing the risk of forced migration induced by disasters implies an ambitious agenda and strategic partnerships. To this end, the Organization has forged solid partnership with relevant actors active in disaster risk reduction but also in complementary frameworks namely disaster risk management and climate change adaptation.
UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), the custodian of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-1015, is key to this strategic objective of bringing mobility into risk reduction analyses, policies and practices. Progress has been achieved in drawing the attention of the international community to the complex relationship between human mobility and disasters.
To this end, the Organization is engaged in:
- Developing models and in data collection on the cost and benefits of migration (including displacement in partnership with IDMC.
- Learning lessons from program implementation to develop evidence based policies for policy-makers
- Different advocacy exercises, including through the UN, to develop Mobility Related Indicators for the Implementation of the UN ACTION PLAN on DRR.
In addition, IOM plays an increasingly important role in Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Coordinated Response to displacement induced by natural disasters as global cluster lead for Camp Coordination and Camp Management in natural disasters. It also plays and important role in Shelter, Logistics, Health, WASH, Protection, and Early Recovery clusters. IOM is also involved in climate change adaptation through the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and other related policy fora.
The 2013 Compendium on DRR and Resilience highlights the following Emerging issues in the areas of risk reduction and mobility (click to expand):
Integration of DRR in IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework
DRR and resilience building is fully integrated into IOM Migration Crisis Operational Framework (MCOF) under Sector of Assistance 8 and along other key DRM sectors of assistance ranging from camp management, shelter, to transport assistance (click to expand).
Risk Reduction and Resilience Building along the crisis phases 3 key operational objectives:
- Prevention of forced migration including migration as a disaster risk and adaptation strategy (HFA objective 1);
- Preparedness for, response and mitigation measures when forced migration occurs (HFA objectives 2,3 and 4); and
- Addressing the longer-term consequences of forced migration (HFA objective 5).