Mediterranean Migrants: Latest Developments

Posted: 
11/27/15
Themes: 
Missing Migrants

Greece - Based on data gathered by the Hellenic Police and IOM field staff, IOM estimates that over 110,000 migrants and refugees have now arrived in Greece by sea since the beginning of November. 

The sharp decrease in the number of arrivals witnessed last weekend – only 155 crossed on November 22 and 336 on November 23 – has now reversed and numbers have again picked up. On 24 November some 3,516 people crossed and on 25 November 5,140. 

IOM Greece’s Early Warning Information Sharing System, which tracks migrant flows in collaboration with IOM in the Western Balkans, estimates during November some 105,000 people have left Greece for the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM).

Syrians, Afghans and Iraqi nationals continue to cross Greece’s Idomeni border with the FYROM without significant delays, but other nationalities are being turned back. Iranian migrants are conducting a hunger strike as a protest at the border.

On Thursday afternoon (26/11), migrants mainly from Morocco and Algeria rioted in protest against the FYROM authorities. Several managed to cross the border, but were immediately caught and returned to Greece, according to IOM staffer Nikos Kyfonidis.

Below is a daily comparative chart on migrant arrivals on the Greek islands and daily crossings from Greece to the FYROM.

 

Chart 1: Comparative Data of migrant arrivals in Greece through the blue borders and of migrant crossings from Greece to the FYROM  - First week of November

Chart 2: Comparative Data of migrant arrivals in Greece through the blue borders and of migrant crossings from Greece to the FYROM – Second week of November

 

Chart 3: Comparative Data of migrant arrivals in Greece through the blue borders and of migrant crossings from Greece to the FYROM – Third week of November

Chart 4: Comparative Data of migrant arrivals in Greece through the blue borders and of migrant crossings from Greece to the FYROM – Fourth week of November

  

Arrivals by Sea and Deaths in the Mediterranean: 1 January – 26 November 2015

Country of Arrival

Arrivals

Deaths

Italy

143,114 (IOM est.)

2,878

(Central Med. route)

Malta

106

Greece

721,217

588

(Eastern Med. route)

Spain

3,845

85
(Western Med. and West African routes)

Estimated Total

868,282

3,551 *

 

*Data on deaths of migrants compiled by iom RESearch. All numbers are minimum estimates. Arrivals estimates based on data from respective governments and IOM field offices.

            


ARRIVALS BY SEA: ITALY

1 January – 26 November 2015

143,114 *

Ø  October 2015: Total 8,916: Data provided by Italian Ministry of Interior (MoI)*
Ø  November 2015: Total 2,127 (IOM est. as of 26 November)*
Ø  Main Countries of Origin: Eritrea, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Gambia, Mali, Senegal, Bangladesh, Ghana.
            Ø  Main departure countryLibya (some departures from Egypt, Greece and Turkey)
            Ø 2014 Totals: 170,100 arrived in Italy

 

 Arrivals by sea: Italy
January to October 2014/2015
(source: Italian MoI)

 

 

2014

2015

 

January

2,171

3,528

 

February

3,335

4,354

 

March

5,459

2,283

 

April

15,679

16,063

 

May

14,599

21,221

 

June

22,641

22,905

 

July

24,031

23,186

 

August

24,774

22,607

 

September

26,107

15,922

 

October

15,393

8,916

 

TOTAL

154,189

140,987

 Arrivals by sea: Italy - Main Countries of Origin
January – October 2014/2015
(source: Italian MoI)

 

 

Main Countries of Origin

2014

2015

 

 

Eritrea

32,537

37,796

 

 

Nigeria

6,951

19,576

 

 

Somalia

4,113

11,020

 

 

Sudan

2,370

8,692

 

 

Syria

32,681

7,232

 

 

Gambia

6,179

6,759

 

 

Total All Countries of Origin

154,189

140,987

 

 

 


 ARRIVALS BY SEA: GREECE

1 January – 25 November 2015

721,217

* Unofficial data regarding exclusively maritime borders, as derived by the data collected by IOM staff in Greece and the Greek authorities (1/1/2015-25/11/2015.)
  
Ø 5,140 arrivals were registered on 25 November. Numbers are not the actual daily arrivals, but the number of migrants who have officially been recorded by the Greek authorities after their arrival. This procedure may take a few days.
 Ø  Main countries of origin: Syria and Afghanistan.  Ø  Main departure country: Turkey
Ø  Main landing points: the islands of Lesvos, Kos, Samos, Rhodes, Kalymnos, Megisti, Leros and Chios.
Ø  IOM staff is present in the islands of Crete, Samos, Kos and Lesvos, working closely with authorities to identify vulnerable migrants, including unaccompanied minors, elderly migrants, migrants with medical needs and families with children.
Ø 2014 Totals: 34,442 arrived by sea to Greece between 1 January and 31 December 2014.
Ø  September 2015: Total 147,671
Ø  October 2015: Total 217,936

ARRIVALS BY SEA TO GREECE, JANUARY – OCTOBER 2015

Main Countries of Origin

Tot.

Syria

388,130

Afghanistan

142,301

Iraq

44,349

Pakistan

17,881

Iran

10,286

Total: All Countries of Origin

608,325

For the latest Mediterranean Update data on arrivals and fatalities please visit: http://migration.iom.int/europe

For further information please contact IOM Greece. Daniel Esdras Tel: +30 210 9912174 Email: iomathens@iom.int  or Kelly Namia, Tel: +302109919040, +302109912174, Email: knamia@iom.int

Migrants and refugees at the Greece-Macedonian border in Idomeni, Greece. © Francesco Malavolta 2015