Over 2.1 Million Displaced in Nigeria: IOM

Nigeria - Over 2.1 million people or 300,000 households are now internally displaced in northern Nigeria, according to IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM). The recent spike in attacks by insurgents triggered the increase.

Released yesterday (03/09) in Abuja, the 5th DTM report tracks displaced populations in the six northeastern states covered in the previous four rounds of the DTM - Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba and Yobe. It also covers Nassarawa State and the Federal Capital Territory of Abuja in the north central part of the country.

The increase in the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) from the 1.3 million recorded in the June DTM report can be attributed to the intensification of attacks carried-out by the insurgents, as well as to improved access to previously inaccessible areas of Borno State, where the IDP population is now well over 1.6 million.

The report also reveals that the majority of the IDPs (92 per cent) displaced by insurgency now live in host communities, while the remainder live in camps or camp-like sites. Major needs listed by the IDPs include food (58 per cent), shelter (13 per cent) and non-food relief items (7 per cent).

IOM Nigeria Chief of Mission Enira Krdzalic notes: “Many IDPs, especially in host communities, have yet to receive basic items, including food and shelter. It is very important for the authorities and humanitarian partners to speed up the delivery of adequate assistance to these people.”

Since October 2014, IOM has been implementing the DTM program in close collaboration with Nigeria’s National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS). The process includes assessment at local government level and site assessments, as well as registration in camps and host communities.

The DTM was extended from the northeast to other States in the north central and northwest parts of the country at the request of NEMA. 

All IOM’s Nigeria DTM reports and interactive maps can be found at:

For further information, please contact Stéphanie Daviot at IOM Abuja, Tel: +234 903 885 2524, Email: